Valentine

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Valentine

Icon
UK Light Tank Tier IV
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 120,000  Credits
Hit Points 310340 HP
Weight Limit 16.26/16.518.598/20 t
Crew
Commander (Gunner, Radio Operator)
Driver
Loader
Mobility
Engine Power 135165 hp
Speed Limit 24 km/h
Traverse 4042 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 8.38.87 hp/t
Pivot NoNo
Armor
Hull Armor 60/60/60 mm
Turret Armor65/60/6565/60/65 mm
Armament
Damage 37.5-62.582.5-137.5 HP
Penetration 59-9868-114 mm
Rate of Fire
28.57100% crew: 29.8 rpm
+ Vents: 30.47 rpm
+ BiA : 31.14 rpm
+ Food: 32.49 rpm
9.09100% crew: 9.48 rpm
+ Vents: 9.69 rpm
+ BiA : 9.91 rpm
+ Food: 10.34 rpm
r/m
Accuracy
0.36100% crew: 0.35 m
+ Vents: 0.34 m
+ BiA : 0.33 m
+ Food: 0.32 m
0.41100% crew: 0.39 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.38 m
+ Food: 0.36 m
m
Aim time
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
2.5100% crew: 2.4 s
+ Vents: 2.34 s
+ BiA : 2.29 s
+ Food: 2.2 s
s
Turret Traverse
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
40100% crew: 41.71 deg/s
+ Vents: 42.66 deg/s
+ BiA : 43.6 deg/s
+ Food: 45.49 deg/s
deg/s
Gun Arc 360°
Elevation Arc -8°/+17°-8°/+17°
Ammo Capacity 6044 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 2015 %
View Range
330100% crew: 330 m
+ Vents: 337.07 m
+ BiA : 344.14 m
+ Food: 358.29 m
340100% crew: 340 m
+ Vents: 347.29 m
+ BiA : 354.57 m
+ Food: 369.14 m
m
Signal Range
350100% crew: 365 m
+ Vents: 373.25 m
+ BiA : 381.5 m
+ Food: 398 m
450100% crew: 469.29 m
+ Vents: 479.89 m
+ BiA : 490.5 m
+ Food: 511.71 m
m
Parent Contour-UK-GB69 Cruiser Mk II.png
Child
Contour-UK-GB08 Churchill I.png8,000 XP
Contour-UK-GB28 Bishop.png19,600 XP
Research
RT-UK-Valentine.jpg
Values are Stock - click for Top
UK-GB04 Valentine.png

The Valentine is a British tier 4 light tank.

Developed in 1938 by Vickers-Armstrong, the tank was one of the best in its class. A total of 8275 vehicles in various modifications were manufactured from 1940 through 1944.

With its slow speed, relatively high armor values, and good selection of guns, a "Pocket Heavy Tank" might be the best way to describe the Valentine. Its play style is not unlike the AMX 40 though a bit faster and slightly more maneuverable at the cost of slightly worse armor. It is a light tank in name only, and should be played like a heavy, taking damage for your allies with your heavy armor.

The Valentine leads to the Churchill I and the Bishop.


















Modules

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
03III Valentine Mk. I 0065 65/60/65 mm
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
d/s
360°
330100% crew: 330 m
+ Vents: 337.07 m
+ BiA : 344.14 m
+ Food: 358.29 m
330100% crew: 330 m
+ Vents: 337.07 m
+ BiA : 344.14 m
+ Food: 358.29 m
m
0------ 1,8801,880 Credits 2,750 2,750 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
04IV QF 2-pdr Mk. X 60 50/50/60 HP 78/121/23 mm 35 Credits/3 Gold/19 Credits
28.57100% crew: 29.8 rpm
+ Vents: 30.47 rpm
+ BiA : 31.14 rpm
+ Food: 32.49 rpm
r/m
0.36100% crew: 0.35 m
+ Vents: 0.34 m
+ BiA : 0.33 m
+ Food: 0.32 m
m
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s

Front: -15°/+20°
Sides: -15°/+20°

Rear: -4°/+20°
--- 6,0006,000 Credits 0130 130 kg

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
04IV Valentine Mk. XI 0065 65/60/65 mm
40100% crew: 41.71 deg/s
+ Vents: 42.66 deg/s
+ BiA : 43.6 deg/s
+ Food: 45.49 deg/s
40100% crew: 41.71 deg/s
+ Vents: 42.66 deg/s
+ BiA : 43.6 deg/s
+ Food: 45.49 deg/s
d/s
360°
340100% crew: 340 m
+ Vents: 347.29 m
+ BiA : 354.57 m
+ Food: 369.14 m
340100% crew: 340 m
+ Vents: 347.29 m
+ BiA : 354.57 m
+ Food: 369.14 m
m
1,2001,200 4,5004,500 Credits 4,530 4,530 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
04IV QF 2-pdr Mk. X 60 50/50/60 HP 78/121/23 mm 35 Credits/3 Gold/19 Credits
28.57100% crew: 29.8 rpm
+ Vents: 30.47 rpm
+ BiA : 31.14 rpm
+ Food: 32.49 rpm
r/m
0.36100% crew: 0.35 m
+ Vents: 0.34 m
+ BiA : 0.33 m
+ Food: 0.32 m
m
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s

Front: -8°/+17°
Sides: -8°/+17°

Rear: -3°/+17°
--- 6,0006,000 Credits 0130 130 kg
04IV QF 6-pdr Mk. III 44 75/75/100 HP 105/170/30 mm 45 Credits/6 Gold/32 Credits
13.33100% crew: 13.9 rpm
+ Vents: 14.22 rpm
+ BiA : 14.53 rpm
+ Food: 15.16 rpm
r/m
0.43100% crew: 0.41 m
+ Vents: 0.4 m
+ BiA : 0.39 m
+ Food: 0.38 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s

Front: -8°/+17°
Sides: -8°/+17°

Rear: -3°/+17°
1,500 27,00027,000 Credits 0400 400 kg
05V QF 6-pdr Gun Mk. V 44 75/75/100 HP 110/180/30 mm 45 Credits/6 Gold/32 Credits
13.33100% crew: 13.9 rpm
+ Vents: 14.22 rpm
+ BiA : 14.53 rpm
+ Food: 15.16 rpm
r/m
0.41100% crew: 0.39 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.38 m
+ Food: 0.36 m
m
2.5100% crew: 2.4 s
+ Vents: 2.34 s
+ BiA : 2.29 s
+ Food: 2.2 s
s

Front: -8°/+17°
Sides: -8°/+17°

Rear: -3°/+17°
3,700 35,00035,000 Credits 0450 450 kg
05V 75 mm Gun Mk. V 44 110/110/175 HP 91/144/38 mm 56 Credits/7 Gold/56 Credits
9.09100% crew: 9.48 rpm
+ Vents: 9.69 rpm
+ BiA : 9.91 rpm
+ Food: 10.34 rpm
r/m
0.41100% crew: 0.39 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.38 m
+ Food: 0.36 m
m
2.5100% crew: 2.4 s
+ Vents: 2.34 s
+ BiA : 2.29 s
+ Food: 2.2 s
s

Front: -8°/+17°
Sides: -8°/+17°

Rear: -3°/+17°
4,000 45,00045,000 Credits 0500 500 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
02II AEC A189 0135 135 hp 020 20 % Petrol --- 2,1502,150 Credits 0800 800 kg
03III AEC A190 0131 131 hp 015 15 % Diesel 180 2,5002,500 Credits 0800 800 kg
04IV GMC 6004 6-71S 0138 138 hp 015 15 % Diesel 700 9,0009,000 Credits 0991 991 kg
05V GMC 6004 6-71A 0165 165 hp 015 15 % Diesel 800 11,00011,000 Credits 0991 991 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
03III Valentine Mk. I 16.516.5 t 04040 d/s ------ 1,4201,420 Credits 3,200 3,200 kg
04IV Valentine Mk. VI 002020 t 04242 d/s 1,2001,200 4,7004,700 Credits 3,200 3,200 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
03III WS No. 11
350100% crew: 365 m
+ Vents: 373.25 m
+ BiA : 381.5 m
+ Food: 398 m
350100% crew: 365 m
+ Vents: 373.25 m
+ BiA : 381.5 m
+ Food: 398 m
m
0--- --- 000000600600 Credits 0040 40 kg
05V WS No. 9
375100% crew: 391.07 m
+ Vents: 399.91 m
+ BiA : 408.75 m
+ Food: 426.43 m
375100% crew: 391.07 m
+ Vents: 399.91 m
+ BiA : 408.75 m
+ Food: 426.43 m
m
0610 610 3,6003,600 Credits 0040 40 kg
06VI WS No. 19 Mk. I
400100% crew: 417.14 m
+ Vents: 426.57 m
+ BiA : 436 m
+ Food: 454.86 m
400100% crew: 417.14 m
+ Vents: 426.57 m
+ BiA : 436 m
+ Food: 454.86 m
m
1,480 1,480 15,00015,000 Credits 0040 40 kg
07VII WS No. 19 Mk. II
450100% crew: 469.29 m
+ Vents: 479.89 m
+ BiA : 490.5 m
+ Food: 511.71 m
450100% crew: 469.29 m
+ Vents: 479.89 m
+ BiA : 490.5 m
+ Food: 511.71 m
m
3,600 3,600 21,00021,000 Credits 0040 40 kg

Historical Info

The Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine was an infantry tank produced in the United Kingdom during the Second World War. More than 8,000 of the type were produced in 11 marks plus various purpose-built variants, accounting for approximately a quarter of wartime British tank production.

The many variants included riveted and welded construction, petrol and diesel power plants and a progressive increase in armament. It was supplied in large numbers to the USSR and built under license in Canada. Developed by Vickers, it proved to be both strong and reliable


Name

There are several proposed explanations for the name Valentine. According to the most popular one the design was presented to the War Office on St. Valentine's Day, 14 February 1940, although some sources say that the design was submitted on Valentines Day 1938 or 10 February 1938. White notes that "incidentally" Valentine was the middle name of Sir John V. Carden, the man who was responsible for many tank designs including that of Valentine's predecessors, the A10 and A11. Another version says that Valentine is an acronym for Vickers-Armstrong Ltd Elswick & (Newcastle-upon) Tyne. The "most prosaic" explanation according to David Fletcher is that it was just an in-house codeword of Vickers with no other significance


Development

Valentine started as a proposal based on their experience with the A9, A10 specification cruiser tanks and the A11 (Infantry Tank Mk I). As a private design by Vickers-Armstrongs it did not receive a General Staff "A" designation; it was submitted to the War Office on 10 February 1938. The development team tried to match the lower weight of a cruiser tank - allowing the suspension and transmission parts of the A10 heavy cruiser to be used - with the greater armour of an infantry tank. Working to a specification for a 60mm armour basis (the same as the A.11) but with a 2 pdr gun in a two man turret (the A.11 was armed only with a heavy machine gun), and a lower silhouette and as a light as possible resulted in a very compact vehicle with a cramped interior. Its armour was weaker than the Infantry Tank Mk II "Matilda" but, due to a lower powered engine, the lighter tank had the same top speed. However, by using components already proven on the A9 and A10 the new design was easier to produce and much less expensive.

The War Office was initially deterred by the size of the turret since they considered a turret crew of three necessary to free the vehicle commander from direct involvement in operating the gun. Concerned by the situation in Europe, however, it finally approved the design in April 1939 and placed the first order in July for deliveries in May 1940. At the start of the war, Vickers were instructed to give absolute priority to the production of tanks. The vehicle reached trials in May 1940, which coincided with the loss of much of Britain's materiel in France during the evacuation at Dunkirk. The trials were successful and the vehicle was rushed into production as Tank, Infantry, Mark III; no pilot models were required as much of the mechanics had been proven on the A10, and it entered service from July 1941.

As well as Vickers, Metropolitan-Cammell Carriage and Wagon - an associate company of Vickers - and Birmingham Railway Carriage and Wagon Company (BRCW) were contracted to produce the Valentine. Metropolitan and the BRCW had both built small numbers of the A.10 and so had previous experience: their production runs were just finishing and they delivered their first Valentines in mid-1940. Production by Vickers peaked at 20 tanks per week, in 1943. Metropolitan used two sites - with Wednesbury joined by their Midland site in production of the Valentine. Vickers output started at 10 per month rising to 45 per month in a year and peaking at 20 per week in 1943 before production was slowed and then production of the Valentine and and vehicles based on the Valentine stopped in 1945. Vickers-Armstrong produced 2,515 vehicles and Metropolitan 2,135, total UK production was 6,855 units manufactured. For developing its own tank forces, Canada had established its own tank production facilities. An order was placed in 1940 with Canadian Pacific and after modifications to the Valentine design, to use local standards and materials the production prototype was finished in 1941.[9] Canadian production was mainly at CPR Angus Shops in Montreal. 1,420 were produced in Canada of which most were sent to the Soviet-Union, alongside 2,394 of British production. They formed the Commonwealth's main export to the Soviet Union under the lend-lease programme. The remaining 30 were retained for training. The use of local GMC 'Detroit' diesel engines in Canadian production, was regarded as a success, and the engine was subsequently adopted for British production.

Between the British and Canadian production, at 8,275, the Valentine was the most produced British tank design of the war.


Layout

Valentine was of conventional layout internally divided into three compartments; from front to back the driver's position, the fighting compartment with the turret and finally the engine and transmission driving the tracks through rear sprockets. The driver's area contained only the driver and the driving controls. The driver sat on the centre of the hull line gaining access through either of two angled hatches over the seat, though there was an emergency exit hatch beneath his seat. The driver had a direct vision port - cut in what was one of the hull's cross members - in front of him and two periscopes in the roof over his head. Driving was by clutch and brake steering through levers whose control rods ran the length of the hull to the transmission at the rear.

Behind the driver was a bulkhead that formed another of the hull's crossmembers and separated him from the fighting compartment. The first tanks had only a two man turret - the gunner on the left of the gun and the commander acting also as the loader on the right. When three man turrets were introduced the commander set to the rear of the turret. The turret was made up of a cast front and a cast rear riveted to the side plates which were of rolled steel. All tanks carried the radio in the turret rear. Early tanks used the No. 11 Wireless with tannoy for the crew; later tanks had the No. 19 Wireless which included crew communications with long and short range networks. Turret rotation was by electric motor under the gunner's control with a hand-wheel for manual backup. The restrictions that the two-man turret placed on the commander, made more so if they were a troop commander and responsible for directing the actions of two other tanks besides their own, were addressed by enlarging the turret for the Mark III so that a dedicated loader for the main armament could be carried. The turret ring diameter was not changed so the extra space was found by moving the gun mounting forward in an extended front plate and increasing the bulge in the rear of the turret. This cost a weight increase of half a ton on the 2.5 ton two-man turret.

A final bulkhead separated the fighting compartment from the engine compartment. The engine, clutch and gearbox were bolted together to form a single unit.

The first Valentines used a petrol engine. The diesel engine which distinguished the Mark II - at the time Tank Infantry Mark III* - from the Mark I was based on the AEC Comet which was a commercial road vehicle engine. The Mark IV used a GMC 'Detroit' diesel; these were the majority of those used in the desert campaigns. The gearbox was a 5 speed, 1 reverse Meadows. Improved tracks were added to later marks


Combat History

The tank first served in Operation Crusader in the North African desert, when it began to replace the Matilda Tank. Due to a lack of cruiser tanks, it was issued to armoured regiments in the UK from mid-1941. The Valentine was better armed and faster than the Cruiser Mark II.

It was extensively used in the North African Campaign, earning a reputation as a reliable and well-protected vehicle. The first tanks in action were with the 8th Royal Tank Regiment in Operation Crusader. Some tanks had managed more than 3,000 miles by the time the British Army reached Tunisia.

The Valentine shared the common weakness of the British tanks of the period: its 2-pounder gun lacked high-explosive (anti-personnel) capability, and soon became outdated as an anti-tank weapon too. Introduction of the 6-pdr in British service was delayed until the losses of Dunkirk had been made good so the 2-pdr was retained longer. The small size of the turret and of the turret ring meant mountings for larger guns proved a difficult task. Although versions with the 6-pounder and then with the Ordnance QF 75 mm gun were developed, by the time they were available in significant numbers, better tanks had reached the battlefield. Another weakness was the small crew compartment and the turret for only two men. A larger turret, with a loader position added, was used in some of the 2-pounder versions, but the position had to be removed again in variants with larger guns. Its relatively low height was an advantage in a battlefield with little cover, allowing it to take up a "good hull-down position in any convenient fold in the ground".

By 1944, the Valentine had been almost completely replaced in front-line units of the European Theatre by the Churchill (the "Infantry Tank Mark IV") and the US-made Sherman tanks. A few were used for special purposes or as command vehicles for units equipped with Archer.

In the Pacific, the tank was employed in limited numbers, at least until May 1945. It was used by the 3rd New Zealand Division in the south-west Pacific campaign. A squadron was required but the 2 pdr HE shell lacked power especially compared to the 18 pound shell of the 3-inch howitzer. So Valentine III's in New Zealand had their main armament replaced by the 3 inch howitzer taken from Australian Matilda IV CS tanks. The converted tanks carried 21 HE and 14 smoke shells. Nine of the new 3-inch armed tanks and 16 normal Valentines - with 2 inch HE shells produced in New Zealand - formed the New Zealand Tank Squadron in 1944. New Zealand retained Valentines until 1955.

In Soviet service the Valentine was used from the Battle of Moscow until the end of the war. Although criticized for its low speed and weak gun, the Valentine was liked due to its small size, reliability, and generally good armour protection.


Surviving Vehicles

Around 40 Valentine tanks, and vehicles based on the Valentine chassis, survive. Tanks in running condition are at the Bovington Tank Museum (Mark IX), and in private hands in New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The Bovington collection includes two other Valentines - a Mark II and a Valentine Scissors Bridgelayer.

Other examples are displayed at the Imperial War Museum Duxford in the UK; the Royal Military Museum in Brussels, Belgium; the Musée des Blindés, Saumur, France and the Kubinka Tank Museum, Russia. In the United States, the Military Vehicle Technology Foundation and the Virginia Museum of Military Vehicles both own Valentines. Other examples are at the South African National Museum of Military History and the Indian Armoured Corps Museum in Ahmednagar Fort, Ahmednagar.

A number of Valentine hulls are in private ownership in Australia. These were sent there after the war for use as agricultural vehicles.

Two Canadian-built Valentines survive. Valentine Tank Mk VIIA, no. 838, built May 1943, was a Lend-Lease tank shipped to the Soviet Union. It fell through the ice of a boggy river near Telepino (Telepyne, Ukraine), during a Soviet counter-offensive on January 25, 1944. In 1990 a 74-year old villager helped locate the tank, and it was recovered and offered as a Glasnost-era gift to Canada. It was presented to the Canadian War Museum by independent Ukraine in 1992, and stands on display in the LeBreton Gallery. An additional Valentine built by Canadian Pacific resides at the Base Borden Military Museum in Barrie, Ontario.

A notable survivor is the only intact DD Valentine, this has been restored to running condition and is in private ownership in the United Kingdom by John Pearson. A number of DD Valentines that sank during training still lie off the British coast; several have been located and are regularly visited by recreational divers. This includes two in the Moray Firth in Scotland and two that lie 3.5 miles (5.6 km) out of Poole Bay in Dorset. These tanks lie 100 metres apart in 15 metres (49 ft) of water. A further tank is known to lie in around 10 meters of water in Bracklesham Bay, south of Chichester in West Sussex; the hull and turret are clearly recognizable as it sits on a gravel mound.

In October 2012, a Valentine Mk IX tank that fell through the ice while crossing a river in western Poland during the Soviet Army's march to Berlin was successfully recovered. The only surviving Valentine Mk IX to have actually seen combat is reportedly well preserved and could be made operational again within three years.


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