T20

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T20

Icon
USA Medium Tank Tier VII
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 1,340,000  Credits
Hit Points 1,0001,100 HP
Weight Limit 28.9/3030.779/34 t
Crew
Commander
Gunner
Driver
Radio Operator
Loader
Mobility
Engine Power 520560 hp
Speed Limit 56/20 km/h
Traverse 3737 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 17.9918.19 hp/t
Pivot NoNo
Armor
Hull Armor 63/50/38 mm
Turret Armor88/63/6388/63/63 mm
Armament
Damage 86.3-143.8180-300 HP
Penetration 96-160120-200 mm
Rate of Fire
14.29100% crew: 14.9 rpm
+ Vents: 15.23 rpm
+ BiA : 15.57 rpm
+ Food: 16.24 rpm
6.38100% crew: 6.66 rpm
+ Vents: 6.81 rpm
+ BiA : 6.96 rpm
+ Food: 7.26 rpm
r/m
Accuracy
0.43100% crew: 0.41 m
+ Vents: 0.4 m
+ BiA : 0.39 m
+ Food: 0.38 m
0.38100% crew: 0.36 m
+ Vents: 0.36 m
+ BiA : 0.35 m
+ Food: 0.33 m
m
Aim time
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
Turret Traverse
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
42100% crew: 43.8 deg/s
+ Vents: 44.79 deg/s
+ BiA : 45.78 deg/s
+ Food: 47.76 deg/s
deg/s
Gun Arc 360°
Elevation Arc -10°/+25°-10°/+25°
Ammo Capacity 7048 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 2020 %
View Range
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
390100% crew: 390 m
+ Vents: 398.36 m
+ BiA : 406.71 m
+ Food: 423.43 m
m
Signal Range
395100% crew: 411.93 m
+ Vents: 421.24 m
+ BiA : 430.55 m
+ Food: 449.17 m
615100% crew: 641.36 m
+ Vents: 655.85 m
+ BiA : 670.35 m
+ Food: 699.34 m
m
Parent Contour-USA-M4A3E8 Sherman.pngContour-USA-Sherman Jumbo.png
Child
Contour-USA-Pershing.png98,100 XP
Research
RT-USA-T20.jpg
Values are Stock - click for Top
USA-T20.png

The T20 is an American tier 7 medium tank.

Experimental medium tank. Developed and put through trials from May 1942 through February 1944. Never saw service.

Much like the M4A3E8 Sherman, the T20 lacks significant armor. Able to sneak around the battlefield, the T20 is an excellent support tank, able to switch between engagements in very short time. Its thin armor is a serious weakness, and caution must be taken to avoid enemy fire whenever possible. Pick different strategies to match differing opponents: flank heavy tanks, ambush and brawl mediums, track and destroy lights. Passive scouting is very viable when normal scouts are not available.

The T20 leads to the M26 Pershing.


















Modules

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
06VI T20D1 0088 88/63/63 mm
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
d/s
360°
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
m
0------ 12,90012,900 Credits 7,000 7,000 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
06VI 76 mm Gun M1A1 70 115/110/185 HP 128/177/38 mm 96 Credits/7 Gold/68 Credits
14.29100% crew: 14.9 rpm
+ Vents: 15.23 rpm
+ BiA : 15.57 rpm
+ Food: 16.24 rpm
r/m
0.43100% crew: 0.41 m
+ Vents: 0.4 m
+ BiA : 0.39 m
+ Food: 0.38 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-10°/+25° --- 50,33050,330 Credits 1,567 1,567 kg
06VI 76 mm Gun M1A2 70 115/110/185 HP 128/177/38 mm 96 Credits/7 Gold/68 Credits
18.18100% crew: 18.96 rpm
+ Vents: 19.39 rpm
+ BiA : 19.82 rpm
+ Food: 20.68 rpm
r/m
0.4100% crew: 0.38 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.37 m
+ Food: 0.35 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-10°/+25° 5,800 62,00062,000 Credits 1,590 1,590 kg

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
07VII T20D2 0088 88/63/63 mm
42100% crew: 43.8 deg/s
+ Vents: 44.79 deg/s
+ BiA : 45.78 deg/s
+ Food: 47.76 deg/s
42100% crew: 43.8 deg/s
+ Vents: 44.79 deg/s
+ BiA : 45.78 deg/s
+ Food: 47.76 deg/s
d/s
360°
390100% crew: 390 m
+ Vents: 398.36 m
+ BiA : 406.71 m
+ Food: 423.43 m
390100% crew: 390 m
+ Vents: 398.36 m
+ BiA : 406.71 m
+ Food: 423.43 m
m
8,0508,050 17,40017,400 Credits 8,400 8,400 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
05V 105 mm M4 36 410/350 HP 53/101 mm 166 Credits/10 Gold
7.5100% crew: 7.82 rpm
+ Vents: 8 rpm
+ BiA : 8.18 rpm
+ Food: 8.53 rpm
r/m
0.55100% crew: 0.53 m
+ Vents: 0.52 m
+ BiA : 0.5 m
+ Food: 0.48 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-10°/+25° 1,500 40,30040,300 Credits 2,600 2,600 kg
06VI 76 mm Gun M1A1 68 115/110/185 HP 128/177/38 mm 96 Credits/7 Gold/68 Credits
14.29100% crew: 14.9 rpm
+ Vents: 15.23 rpm
+ BiA : 15.57 rpm
+ Food: 16.24 rpm
r/m
0.43100% crew: 0.41 m
+ Vents: 0.4 m
+ BiA : 0.39 m
+ Food: 0.38 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-10°/+25° --- 50,33050,330 Credits 1,567 1,567 kg
06VI 76 mm Gun M1A2 68 115/110/185 HP 128/177/38 mm 96 Credits/7 Gold/68 Credits
18.18100% crew: 18.96 rpm
+ Vents: 19.39 rpm
+ BiA : 19.82 rpm
+ Food: 20.68 rpm
r/m
0.4100% crew: 0.38 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.37 m
+ Food: 0.35 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-10°/+25° 5,800 62,00062,000 Credits 1,590 1,590 kg
07VII 90 mm Gun M3 48 240/240/320 HP 160/243/45 mm 255 Credits/11 Gold/255 Credits
6.38100% crew: 6.66 rpm
+ Vents: 6.81 rpm
+ BiA : 6.96 rpm
+ Food: 7.26 rpm
r/m
0.38100% crew: 0.36 m
+ Vents: 0.36 m
+ BiA : 0.35 m
+ Food: 0.33 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-10°/+25° 14,000 81,00081,000 Credits 2,050 2,050 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
07VII Ford GAA 0520 520 hp 020 20 % Gasoline --- 36,00036,000 Credits 0569 569 kg
07VII Ford GAN 0560 560 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 11,500 37,20037,200 Credits 0569 569 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
06VI HVSS T48 003030 t 03737 d/s ------ 11,90011,900 Credits 5,400 5,400 kg
07VII HVSS T51 003434 t 03737 d/s 8,0008,000 17,90017,900 Credits 5,400 5,400 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
06VI SCR 508
395100% crew: 411.93 m
+ Vents: 421.24 m
+ BiA : 430.55 m
+ Food: 449.17 m
395100% crew: 411.93 m
+ Vents: 421.24 m
+ BiA : 430.55 m
+ Food: 449.17 m
m
0--- --- 21,60021,600 Credits 0100 100 kg
09IX SCR 506
615100% crew: 641.36 m
+ Vents: 655.85 m
+ BiA : 670.35 m
+ Food: 699.34 m
615100% crew: 641.36 m
+ Vents: 655.85 m
+ BiA : 670.35 m
+ Food: 699.34 m
m
5,600 5,600 33,60033,600 Credits 0110 110 kg

Historical Info

T-20 prototype vehicle

Much like other armies at the time, the U.S. Army envisioned two main roles for tanks: infantry support and breakthrough exploitation. From 1942 until the end of World War II, both roles were covered in the main by the M4 Sherman, which was better suited for the latter "cavalry" role. The infantry would have preferred a better protected and better armed vehicle, even at a price of less mobility. In late 1942, U.S. Army Ordnance started to work on an "infantry-oriented" design which was supposed to be more versatile than the British infantry tanks. During the next two years, various prototypes were built under the designations T20, T22, T23, T25, and T26. Starting with the T20, the Ordnance Department initially developed three series of improved medium tank prototypes, the T20, T22, and T23. The main differences between the T20, T22, and T23 lay in the choice of transmission. [2]. The T20 used a torque converter fluid drive, the T22 a 5-speed mechanical drive similar to the M4 drive, and the T23 used an electric drive. Additionally, the T20 had an early version of the HVSS suspension later employed on the M4 Sherman, whereas the T20E3 had torsion-bar suspension. All moved the transmission to the rear of the vehicle, eliminating the need for a drive-shaft running the length of the vehicle. The drive-shaft used in the M3 & M4 vehicles forced the turret to be mounted higher, thus increasing the vehicle height.

T-20E3, prototype vehicle
However, the initial success of the M4 led the Army Ground Forces command to believe that there was no urgent need for a new tank. Even with the appearance of the heavy Tiger and medium Panther tanks, the AGF did not alter its position, believing both tanks would be fielded in relatively small numbers. AGF was correct about the Tiger, a specialized heavy tank that was never encountered in large numbers. The Panther, first encountered in small numbers at Anzio, however, was built in very large numbers and formed half the German tank strength in Normandy. Also, according to the Army doctrine of the time, tanks were not supposed to engage other tanks; this was the remit of tank destroyers, more mobile armored vehicles with powerful guns, such as the M10 Wolverine. As a result, the development of the new tank was slow. When the Allies invaded western Europe during Operation Overlord in June 1944, the M4 still formed the bulk of American tank units. It quickly became clear that the tank destroyer doctrine failed in the field and that the up-gunned Sherman was unable to engage the Panther on equal terms. Efforts were made to speed up development, but the tank, by now called the T26 and dubbed Pershing, reached the battlefield only in February 1945 and saw very little action in WWII.
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