T-70

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T-70

Icon
USSR Light Tank Tier III
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 39,300  Credits
Hit Points 210230 HP
Weight Limit 9.2/9.510.32/12.5 t
Crew
Commander (Gunner, Radio Operator, Loader)
Driver
Mobility
Engine Power 140170 hp
Speed Limit 45/18 km/h
Traverse 4852 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 15.2216.47 hp/t
Pivot NoNo
Armor
Hull Armor 35/15/25 mm
Turret Armor35/35/3535/35/35 mm
Armament
Damage 35-5941-69 HP
Penetration 38-6456-94 mm
Rate of Fire 25.024.0 r/m
Accuracy 0.460.37 m
Aim time 2.32.3 s
Turret Traverse 3640 deg/s
Gun Arc 360°
Elevation Arc -6°/+25°-4°/+19°
Ammo Capacity 9090 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 2020 %
View Range 300310 m
Signal Range 325525 m
Parent Contour-USSR-T-60.png
Child
Contour-USSR-T-80.png3,900 XP
Contour-USSR-SU-76.png2,550 XP
Research
RT-USSR-T-70.jpg
Values are Stock - click for Top
USSR-T-70.png

The T-70 is a Soviet tier 3 light tank.

Developed in October and November 1941 at the Construction Bureau of the Gorky Automobile Plant under the supervision of N. A. Astrov. The vehicle came into service in January 1942, and it was mass-produced until October 1943, with a total of 8231 vehicles manufactured. Some vehicles were used until the end of the war.

The T-70 leads to the T-80.


















Modules

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
02II T-70 0035 35/35/35 mm 0036 36 d/s 360° 0300 300 m 0------ 000000920920 Credits 1,250 1,250 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
02II 45 mm 20K 90 47/47/62 HP 51/88/23 mm 14 Credits/2 Gold/14 Credits 25.0 r/m 0.46 m 2.3 s -6°/+25° --- 2,5302,530 Credits 0250 250 kg
03III 37 mm ZiS-19 150 40/40/50 HP 58/92/19 mm 35 Credits/2 Gold/35 Credits 25.0 r/m 0.39 m 2.3 s -6°/+25° 160 4,2504,250 Credits 0200 200 kg

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
03III T-70M 0035 35/35/35 mm 0040 40 d/s 360° 0310 310 m 0330330 1,7501,750 Credits 2,000 2,000 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
02II 45 mm 20K 90 47/47/62 HP 51/88/23 mm 14 Credits/2 Gold/14 Credits 26.09 r/m 0.46 m 2.1 s -6°/+25° --- 2,5302,530 Credits 0250 250 kg
03III 37 mm ZiS-19 150 40/40/50 HP 58/92/19 mm 35 Credits/2 Gold/35 Credits 26.09 r/m 0.39 m 2.1 s -6°/+25° 160 4,2504,250 Credits 0200 200 kg
04IV 45 mm VT-42 90 55/55/65 HP 75/110/23 mm 35 Credits/2 Gold/19 Credits 24.0 r/m 0.37 m 2.3 s -4°/+19° 850 20,54020,540 Credits 0312 312 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
03III GAZ-203 0140 140 hp 020 20 % Gasoline --- 3,8403,840 Credits 0550 550 kg
03III M-80 0170 170 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 240 4,1304,130 Credits 0550 550 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
02II T-70 09.59.5 t 04848 d/s ------ 000000600600 Credits 2,400 2,400 kg
03III T-70 enhanced 12.512.5 t 05252 d/s 320320 1,7301,730 Credits 2,400 2,400 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
04IV 9R 0325 325 m 0--- --- 1,9801,980 Credits 0080 80 kg
08VIII 9RM 0525 525 m 4,040 4,040 24,24024,240 Credits 0100 100 kg

Historical Info

The T-70 was a light tank used by the Red Army during World War II, replacing both the T-60 scout tank for reconnaissance and the T-50 light infantry tank for infantry support. The T-80 light tank was a more advanced version of the T-70 with a two-man turret—it was only produced in very small numbers when light tank production was abandoned.

Development history

T-70 in Velikiy Novgorod

The T-70 was armed with a 45-mm L/46 gun Model 38 with forty-five rounds carried, and a coaxial 7.62-mm DT machine gun. The tank was operated by a driver and a commander who loaded and fired the gun. Armour thickness on the turret front was 60 mm, hull front and sides: 45 mm, rear and turret sides: 35 mm, roof and bottom: 10 mm. By 1942, light tanks were considered inadequate by the Red Army, unable to keep up with the T-34 medium tank and unable to penetrate the armour of most German tanks, but they could be produced by small factories which were unable to handle the large components of medium and heavy tanks. The T-70 was an attempt to remedy some of the shortcomings of the T-60 scout tank, which had very poor cross-country mobility, thin armour, and an inadequate 20-mm gun. It also replaced the very short production run of the T-50 light infantry tank, which was more sophisticated, but also much too complicated and expensive to produce. The T-70 was designed by Nicholas Astrov's design team at Factory No. 38 in Kirov. The first batch of T-70s were built with a GAZ-202 automotive engine on each side of the hull, one driving each track. This arrangement was seen to be a serious problem, even before the first tanks were issued. It was quickly redesigned as the T-70M (although it continued to be referred to as just T-70), with the engines in-line on the right side of the tank and a normal transmission and differential. The conical turret was replaced by one more easily welded out of plate armour, and moved to the left side of the hull. Curiously, even after the T-70's production line was redesigned, SU-76 self-propelled guns started to be built with the same unsatisfactory unsynchronized two-engine layout, and all of them were later recalled for factory rebuilding as SU-76Ms. T-70s were put into production in March 1942 at Zavod No. 37, and along with T-60 production at GAZ and Zavod No. 38. They completely replaced T-60 production in September 1942, although that tank remained in use until the end of the war. Production ended in October 1943, with 8,226 vehicles completed. In April 1942, the conical turrets on early-production machines were replaced with new welded turrets. The end of the T-70's production run was built with two 85-hp GAZ-203 engines, a Mark 4 commander's periscope replacing a vision slit, and other improvements.The T-70 remained in service until 1948.

Limitations

The one-man turret of the Soviet light tanks made co-ordinating a tank platoon nearly impossible, because the commanders were kept busy acquiring targets, loading and firing the main gun and machine gun, and commanding their drivers. The infantry tank role was already considered obsolete. The SU-76 self-propelled gun was better suited for infantry support, its 76.2-mm gun capable of firing a larger high explosive shell. Industrial resources could be redirected from light tanks to building SU-76s. In an attempt to compensate, the T-80 light tank was designed, a more robust version of the T-70 with a two-man turret. But there was enough lend-lease equipment available to fulfill the reconnaissance role of the light tanks, and armoured cars were better suited for light scouting and liaison. All light tank production was cancelled in October 1943, after only about 120 T-80s were built. No further light tanks would be built during the war.

In November 1943 Red Army tank units were reorganized: light tanks were replaced by the T-34 and new T-34-85, which started production the following month. Light tanks continued to be used in self-propelled artillery and some other units. The Soviets did start development work on an amphibious light tank in 1945, resulting in the post-war PT-76, introduced in 1954.
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