T-34-85

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T-34-85

Render
USSR Medium Tank Tier VI
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 915,000  Credits
Hit Points 670720 HP
Weight Limit 32.4/3533.65/35.3 t
Crew
Commander
Gunner
Radio Operator
Driver
Loader
Mobility
Engine Power 500600 hp
Speed Limit 54/20 km/h
Traverse 3638 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 15.4317.83 hp/t
Pivot NoNo
Armor
Hull Armor 45/45/45 mm
Turret Armor90/75/5290/75/52 mm
Armament
Damage 86-144135-225 HP
Penetration 94-156108-180 mm
Rate of Fire
14.63100% crew: 15.26 rpm
+ Vents: 15.61 rpm
+ BiA : 15.95 rpm
+ Food: 16.64 rpm
10100% crew: 10.43 rpm
+ Vents: 10.66 rpm
+ BiA : 10.9 rpm
+ Food: 11.37 rpm
r/m
Accuracy
0.41100% crew: 0.39 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.38 m
+ Food: 0.36 m
0.37100% crew: 0.35 m
+ Vents: 0.35 m
+ BiA : 0.34 m
+ Food: 0.33 m
m
Aim time
2.9100% crew: 2.78 s
+ Vents: 2.72 s
+ BiA : 2.66 s
+ Food: 2.55 s
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
Turret Traverse
46100% crew: 47.97 deg/s
+ Vents: 49.06 deg/s
+ BiA : 50.14 deg/s
+ Food: 52.31 deg/s
46100% crew: 47.97 deg/s
+ Vents: 49.06 deg/s
+ BiA : 50.14 deg/s
+ Food: 52.31 deg/s
deg/s
Gun Arc 360°
Elevation Arc -7°/+22°-7°/+22°
Ammo Capacity 6848 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 1512 %
View Range
350100% crew: 350 m
+ Vents: 357.5 m
+ BiA : 365 m
+ Food: 380 m
360100% crew: 360 m
+ Vents: 367.71 m
+ BiA : 375.43 m
+ Food: 390.86 m
m
Signal Range
325100% crew: 338.93 m
+ Vents: 346.59 m
+ BiA : 354.25 m
+ Food: 369.57 m
525100% crew: 547.5 m
+ Vents: 559.88 m
+ BiA : 572.25 m
+ Food: 597 m
m
Parent Contour-USSR-T-34.png
Child
Contour-USSR-KV-13.png65,300 XP
Contour-USSR-T-43.png53,000 XP
Research
RT-USSR-T-34-85.jpg
Values are Stock - click for Top
USSR-T-34-85.png

The T-34-85 is a Soviet tier 6 medium tank.

This variant of the T-34 is considered a separate model because it incorporated so many modifications to the original. A total of 21,048 vehicles were produced by the end of World War II, and production continued well after the war was over.

The T-34-85 retains the same hull as its predecessor, the T-34, but receives a new, more heavily armored turret with more powerful choices of armament. Stock, it is quite sluggish and armed with the under-par 76 mm S-54, but later on it receives a somewhat more powerful engine and the excellent 85 mm D5T-85BM, turning it into a versatile and capable Tier 6 medium tank.

The T-34-85 leads to the KV-13 and the T-43.


















Modules

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
06VI T-34-85 0090 90/75/52 mm
46100% crew: 47.97 deg/s
+ Vents: 49.06 deg/s
+ BiA : 50.14 deg/s
+ Food: 52.31 deg/s
46100% crew: 47.97 deg/s
+ Vents: 49.06 deg/s
+ BiA : 50.14 deg/s
+ Food: 52.31 deg/s
d/s
360°
350100% crew: 350 m
+ Vents: 357.5 m
+ BiA : 365 m
+ Food: 380 m
350100% crew: 350 m
+ Vents: 357.5 m
+ BiA : 365 m
+ Food: 380 m
m
0------ 12,50012,500 Credits 7,000 7,000 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
05V 76 mm S-54 68 115/110/165 HP 125/156/39 mm 80 Credits/6 Gold/48 Credits
14.63100% crew: 15.26 rpm
+ Vents: 15.61 rpm
+ BiA : 15.95 rpm
+ Food: 16.64 rpm
r/m
0.41100% crew: 0.39 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.38 m
+ Food: 0.36 m
m
2.9100% crew: 2.78 s
+ Vents: 2.72 s
+ BiA : 2.66 s
+ Food: 2.55 s
s
-7°/+22° --- 41,48041,480 Credits 1,390 1,390 kg
05V 122 mm U-11 36 450/370 HP 61/140 mm 257 Credits/12 Gold
5.08100% crew: 5.3 rpm
+ Vents: 5.42 rpm
+ BiA : 5.54 rpm
+ Food: 5.78 rpm
r/m
0.57100% crew: 0.55 m
+ Vents: 0.53 m
+ BiA : 0.52 m
+ Food: 0.5 m
m
2.9100% crew: 2.78 s
+ Vents: 2.72 s
+ BiA : 2.66 s
+ Food: 2.55 s
s
-7°/+22° 3,750 59,92059,920 Credits 1,600 1,600 kg
06VI 85 mm ZiS S-53 56 160/160/280 HP 126/161/43 mm 109 Credits/7 Gold/98 Credits
11.54100% crew: 12.03 rpm
+ Vents: 12.3 rpm
+ BiA : 12.58 rpm
+ Food: 13.12 rpm
r/m
0.42100% crew: 0.4 m
+ Vents: 0.39 m
+ BiA : 0.39 m
+ Food: 0.37 m
m
2.9100% crew: 2.78 s
+ Vents: 2.72 s
+ BiA : 2.66 s
+ Food: 2.55 s
s
-7°/+22° 4,800 62,00062,000 Credits 1,550 1,550 kg

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
07VII T-34-85 extended 0090 90/75/52 mm
46100% crew: 47.97 deg/s
+ Vents: 49.06 deg/s
+ BiA : 50.14 deg/s
+ Food: 52.31 deg/s
46100% crew: 47.97 deg/s
+ Vents: 49.06 deg/s
+ BiA : 50.14 deg/s
+ Food: 52.31 deg/s
d/s
360°
360100% crew: 360 m
+ Vents: 367.71 m
+ BiA : 375.43 m
+ Food: 390.86 m
360100% crew: 360 m
+ Vents: 367.71 m
+ BiA : 375.43 m
+ Food: 390.86 m
m
7,2207,220 15,55015,550 Credits 7,800 7,800 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
05V 76 mm S-54 70 115/110/165 HP 125/156/39 mm 80 Credits/6 Gold/48 Credits
15100% crew: 15.64 rpm
+ Vents: 16 rpm
+ BiA : 16.35 rpm
+ Food: 17.06 rpm
r/m
0.41100% crew: 0.39 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.38 m
+ Food: 0.36 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-7°/+22° --- 41,48041,480 Credits 1,390 1,390 kg
05V 122 mm U-11 36 450/370 HP 61/140 mm 257 Credits/12 Gold
5.26100% crew: 5.49 rpm
+ Vents: 5.61 rpm
+ BiA : 5.74 rpm
+ Food: 5.98 rpm
r/m
0.57100% crew: 0.55 m
+ Vents: 0.53 m
+ BiA : 0.52 m
+ Food: 0.5 m
m
2.9100% crew: 2.78 s
+ Vents: 2.72 s
+ BiA : 2.66 s
+ Food: 2.55 s
s
-7°/+22° 3,750 59,92059,920 Credits 1,600 1,600 kg
06VI 85 mm ZiS S-53 60 160/160/280 HP 126/161/43 mm 109 Credits/7 Gold/98 Credits
12100% crew: 12.51 rpm
+ Vents: 12.8 rpm
+ BiA : 13.08 rpm
+ Food: 13.65 rpm
r/m
0.42100% crew: 0.4 m
+ Vents: 0.39 m
+ BiA : 0.39 m
+ Food: 0.37 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-7°/+22° 4,800 62,00062,000 Credits 1,550 1,550 kg
07VII 85 mm D5T-85BM 48 180/180/300 HP 144/194/44 mm 150 Credits/7 Gold/139 Credits
10100% crew: 10.43 rpm
+ Vents: 10.66 rpm
+ BiA : 10.9 rpm
+ Food: 11.37 rpm
r/m
0.37100% crew: 0.35 m
+ Vents: 0.35 m
+ BiA : 0.34 m
+ Food: 0.33 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s
-7°/+22° 15,500 73,60073,600 Credits 1,850 1,850 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
06VI V-2-34 0500 500 hp 015 15 % Diesel --- 27,86027,860 Credits 0750 750 kg
06VI V-2-34M 0520 520 hp 015 15 % Diesel 6,200 29,50029,500 Credits 0750 750 kg
08VIII V-54K 0600 600 hp 012 12 % Diesel 19,000 58,00058,000 Credits 0750 750 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
05V T-34-85 003535 t 03636 d/s ------ 7,7307,730 Credits 7,800 7,800 kg
06VI T-34-85-60 35.335.3 t 03838 d/s 3,9953,995 9,5009,500 Credits 7,800 7,800 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
04IV 9R
325100% crew: 338.93 m
+ Vents: 346.59 m
+ BiA : 354.25 m
+ Food: 369.57 m
325100% crew: 338.93 m
+ Vents: 346.59 m
+ BiA : 354.25 m
+ Food: 369.57 m
m
0--- --- 1,9801,980 Credits 0080 80 kg
08VIII 9RM
525100% crew: 547.5 m
+ Vents: 559.88 m
+ BiA : 572.25 m
+ Food: 597 m
525100% crew: 547.5 m
+ Vents: 559.88 m
+ BiA : 572.25 m
+ Food: 597 m
m
4,040 4,040 24,24024,240 Credits 0100 100 kg

Historical Info

T-34-85

Early versions of the T-34 demonstrated their top performance during the Kursk / Citadel battle in 1943. Their superiority on the battle ground was reached not due to their technical perfection, as in this respect German tanks were largely comparable and in some instances (Tigers and Panthers), far superior to their Soviet counterparts, but was due to the overwhelming numbers used by the Red Army. The price paid for the victory was high. Around 9000 tanks were lost in combat against 2200 German tanks. It also became evident that the T-34 could hardly cope with the new examples of German armor, and that is was the time to shift the priority from mass production to major modification of the T-34.

Development

T-34-85 interior. Note the ammo crates on the floor of the tank.

The special commission assigned by the Party investigated and analyzed the nature of the damage to the hundreds and thousands of destroyed tanks. The attempt to add extra armor on the T-34 was made, and the result was named the T-43. The conducted experiments with the T-43 proved that when dressed in the extra armor, the T-34 lost most of its best features, such as maneuverability and speed, without any real gain in defense against deadly the 8.8 cm gun. The new tank needed not so much the better armor, but the better gun. Simultaneously, independent experiments were conducted with the KV-13 in order to create the so-called universal tank, or, main battle tank. However, the KV-13, while having the same 85 mm gun, was heavier and more complex in production, so the preference was given to the T-34. The KV-13 design was later used to create the IS-2, which finally offered the proper opposition to Tigers.

In August 1943, a special meeting of the GKO (State Defense Committee) decided that a more powerful gun should be installed on the T-34. In the end of 1943, after testing and experimenting with guns, turrets, and caliber, it became clear that the 85-mm gun could not be installed in the old turret. The designing of the new one was carried out by the production works No.112 "Red Sormovo" in Gorkij.

On December, 15,1943, on the basis of three hull prototypes and a turret yet to be finished, the GKO made the decision to start mass production of the T-34-85. At this time, no gun for three independent projects was ready to be installed, as all were to be adapted to the new turret. The work on the improvement of the turret design allowed curing old problems with the turret by increasing its size. At last, the tank commander could command the tank, as one more member was added to the crew. GKO also decided on which gun was to be used (Grabin's). However, the first production T-34-85s had another gun, the (Petrov's D-5T), same as was installed on the SU-85. The hull was practically the same as the T-34 mod. 1943. The gun mask was distinctively different from that of Grabin's ZIS-S-53, which finally went into mass production in January 1944. The changes in the design of the tank did not affect the production. In the spring of 1944, two more plants in Omsk and Nizhnij Tagil joined Plant No.112 in production of T-34-85s.
T-34-85 Turret with commander's cupola allowing all-round vision (introduced partway through the production run of the T-34. Model 1943.
Most T-34-85s rolled off production lines at the plant in Nizhnij Tagil. All three plants made different turrets. The most distinctive was the so called "composite" turret of the Plant No.112. During production, T-34-85s was continuously modified, although the basic shape was retained.

Mass manufacturing of the T-34–85 in the Soviet Union ceased in 1946 (according to some sources, small-scale production continued at the «Krasnoye Sormovo» factory until 1950). As far as the total number of T-34–85 tanks produced at one or another factory, here, just like for the T-34, there exist areas of considerable discrepancy in the numbers cited in various sources.


Combat history

T-34-85 dismounting tank riders
T-34-85s first saw combat in the spring of 1944 with 1st Guard Tank Army and since then, took part in all the battles of the WWII, Korea, Middle East, and Vietnam arenas. The tanks were exported to many countries after the war. In the hands of experienced tankers, T-34-85 was an awesome weapon despite the Tiger's superiority at long ranges, that is, the Tiger could kill a T-34-85 earlier than the 85 mm gun could bore a hole in its skin. Still, the T-34 stood a good chance of success owing to its maneuverability. The Pz.IV of later versions was roughly comparable to the T-34 in firepower, but the T-34-ka had better dynamic characteristics combined with the effective armoring. Still, the threat from German Faustpatrons forced the introduction of some field modifications, especially during the fight in Berlin (see the photo). The additional screening consisted of a thin 1.5 mm, metal plate or a 3 mm wire mesh welded on the supporting corners. The shield was placed in about 15-20 cm from the main armor on the sides of the hull, turret, and the turret's top. Although the screening effectively deflected the hits of Faustpatrons, further development was stopped with the end of the war. The always increasing production and growing skill of Soviet tankers allowed for the neutralizing of German Tigers and Panthers.
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