StuG III

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StuG III

Render
Germany TD Tier V
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 422,000  Credits
Hit Points 350350 HP
Weight Limit 19.5/19.820.42/22.4 t
Crew
Commander
Driver
Gunner
Loader (Radio Operator)
Mobility
Engine Power 320440 hp
Speed Limit 40 km/h
Traverse 3744 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 16.4121.55 hp/t
Pivot YesYes
Armor
Hull Armor 80/30/30 mm
Armament
Damage 82.5-137.5101.3-168.8 HP
Penetration 77-129113-188 mm
Rate of Fire
15.38100% crew: 16.04 rpm
+ Vents: 16.41 rpm
+ BiA : 16.77 rpm
+ Food: 17.49 rpm
13.33100% crew: 13.9 rpm
+ Vents: 14.22 rpm
+ BiA : 14.53 rpm
+ Food: 15.16 rpm
r/m
Accuracy
0.39100% crew: 0.37 m
+ Vents: 0.37 m
+ BiA : 0.36 m
+ Food: 0.34 m
0.33100% crew: 0.32 m
+ Vents: 0.31 m
+ BiA : 0.3 m
+ Food: 0.29 m
m
Aim time
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s
Gun Traverse Speed
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
44100% crew: 45.89 deg/s
+ Vents: 46.92 deg/s
+ BiA : 47.96 deg/s
+ Food: 50.03 deg/s
deg/s
Gun Arc -15°/+15°
Elevation Arc -8°/+23°-7°/+20°
Ammo Capacity 4436 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 2020 %
View Range
310100% crew: 310 m
+ Vents: 316.64 m
+ BiA : 323.29 m
+ Food: 336.57 m
310100% crew: 310 m
+ Vents: 316.64 m
+ BiA : 323.29 m
+ Food: 336.57 m
m
Signal Range
310100% crew: 323.29 m
+ Vents: 330.59 m
+ BiA : 337.9 m
+ Food: 352.51 m
415100% crew: 432.79 m
+ Vents: 442.57 m
+ BiA : 452.35 m
+ Food: 471.91 m
m
Parent Contour-Germany-Hetzer.png
Child
Contour-Germany-JagdPzIV.png31,100 XP
Research
RT-Germany-StuG III.jpg
Values are Stock - click for Top
Germany-StuGIII.png

The StuG III is a German tier 5 tank destroyer.

Originally designed as an assault vehicle, this self-propelled gun was converted into a tank destroyer beginning with the F series. A total of 9,265 vehicles of this series and 1,211 of the StuH 42 were produced.

It is exceptionally manuverable, being based on the Pz.Kpfw. III chassis, and can reach its top speed very quickly. While its stock cannon is powerful against equal-tier opponents, it is rendered useless against anything past tier 6. However, once upgraded with the 7.5 cm StuK 42 L/70, the StuG III can deal significant damage to higher-tier vehicles. It is easy to fall into the trap of thinking you're a medium tank with the StuG III's rapid acceleration and high maneuverability, but you will soon learn that you can not take hits like a medium tank. In fact, the StuG can easily die even to tier 3 opponents if they find a way to attack its sides. Even so, experienced players will enjoy running the "StuG life" in this powerful sniper.

The StuG III leads to the JagdPz IV.


















Modules

Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
04IV 7,5 cm StuK 40 L/43 44 110/110/175 HP 103/139/38 mm 70 Credits/7 Gold/38 Credits
15.38100% crew: 16.04 rpm
+ Vents: 16.41 rpm
+ BiA : 16.77 rpm
+ Food: 17.49 rpm
r/m
0.39100% crew: 0.37 m
+ Vents: 0.37 m
+ BiA : 0.36 m
+ Food: 0.34 m
m
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s
-8°/+23° --- 25,00025,000 Credits 1,437 1,437 kg
05V 7,5 cm PaK 39 L/48 44 110/110/175 HP 110/158/38 mm 70 Credits/7 Gold/38 Credits
15.38100% crew: 16.04 rpm
+ Vents: 16.41 rpm
+ BiA : 16.77 rpm
+ Food: 17.49 rpm
r/m
0.37100% crew: 0.35 m
+ Vents: 0.35 m
+ BiA : 0.34 m
+ Food: 0.33 m
m
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s
-10°/+20° 3,400 27,38027,380 Credits 1,520 1,520 kg
05V 10,5 cm StuH 42 L/28 28 350/350/410 HP 64/104/53 mm 120 Credits/10 Gold/128 Credits
8.33100% crew: 8.69 rpm
+ Vents: 8.89 rpm
+ BiA : 9.08 rpm
+ Food: 9.48 rpm
r/m
0.53100% crew: 0.51 m
+ Vents: 0.5 m
+ BiA : 0.49 m
+ Food: 0.47 m
m
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s
-7°/+20° 3,800 28,00028,000 Credits 2,100 2,100 kg
06VI 7,5 cm PaK 42 L/70 36 135/135/175 HP 150/194/38 mm 109 Credits/7 Gold/98 Credits
13.33100% crew: 13.9 rpm
+ Vents: 14.22 rpm
+ BiA : 14.53 rpm
+ Food: 15.16 rpm
r/m
0.33100% crew: 0.32 m
+ Vents: 0.31 m
+ BiA : 0.3 m
+ Food: 0.29 m
m
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s
-7°/+20° 4,600 53,00053,000 Credits 1,740 1,740 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
04IV Maybach HL 108 TR 0320 320 hp 020 20 % Gasoline --- 9,4609,460 Credits 0450 450 kg
04IV Maybach HL 120 TR 0350 350 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 710 10,43010,430 Credits 0510 510 kg
04IV Maybach HL 120 TRM 0440 440 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 1,500 19,90019,900 Credits 0510 510 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
03III StuG III Ausf. F 19.819.8 t 03737 d/s ------ 1,6601,660 Credits 5,350 5,350 kg
04IV StuG III Ausf. G 22.422.4 t 04444 d/s 1,1151,115 4,7404,740 Credits 5,850 5,850 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
03III FuG 5
310100% crew: 323.29 m
+ Vents: 330.59 m
+ BiA : 337.9 m
+ Food: 352.51 m
310100% crew: 323.29 m
+ Vents: 330.59 m
+ BiA : 337.9 m
+ Food: 352.51 m
m
0--- --- 000000630630 Credits 0050 50 kg
06VI FuG 7
415100% crew: 432.79 m
+ Vents: 442.57 m
+ BiA : 452.35 m
+ Food: 471.91 m
415100% crew: 432.79 m
+ Vents: 442.57 m
+ BiA : 452.35 m
+ Food: 471.91 m
m
1,360 1,360 8,1608,160 Credits 0070 70 kg

Historical Info

StuG III Ausf. F/8 (Sd.Kfz.142/1) at Belgrade Military Museum, Serbia

The Sturmgeschütz III (StuG III) assault gun was Germany's most produced armored fighting vehicle during World War II. It was built on the chassis of the proven Panzer III tank. Initially intended as a mobile, armored light gun for infantry support, the StuG was continually modified and widely employed as a tank-destroyer.

Development

The Sturmgeschütz III originated from German experiences in World War I, when it was discovered that during the offensives on the western front, the infantry lacked the means to effectively engage fortifications. The artillery of the time was heavy and not mobile enough to keep up with the advancing infantry to destroy bunkers, pillboxes, and other minor obstacles with direct-fire. Although the problem was well-known in the German army, it was General Erich von Manstein, who is considered the father of the Sturmartillerie, that saw the solution. The initial proposal was from (then) Colonel Erich von Manstein, and submitted to General Ludwig Beck in 1935, suggesting that Sturmartillerie ("assault artillery") units should be used in a direct-fire support role for infantry divisions. On June 15, 1936, Daimler-Benz AG received an order to develop an armored infantry-support vehicle capable of mounting a 75 mm (2.95 in) artillery piece. The gun mount's fixed, fully-integrated casemate superstructure was to allow a limited traverse of a minimum of 25° and provided overhead protection for the crew. The height of the vehicle was not to exceed that of the average man. Daimler-Benz AG used the chassis and running gear of its recently designed Pz.Kpfw. III medium tank as a basis for the new vehicle. Prototype manufacture was passed over to Alkett, which produced five examples in 1937 of the experimental 0-series StuG based upon the Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. B. These prototypes featured a mild-steel superstructure and Krupp’s short-barreled 75 mm StuK 37 L/24 cannon. This model was known as the Sturmgeschütz Ausführung A.

Side drawing of a Assault Gun III, Variant A
Side drawing of a Assault Gun III, Variant G (December 1942)

While the StuG III was considered self-propelled artillery, it was not initially clear which arm of the Wehrmacht would handle the new weapon. The Panzer arm, who was the natural user of tracked fighting vehicles, had no resources to spare for the formation of StuG units, and neither did the infantry branch. It was agreed, after a discussion, it would best be employed as part of the artillery arm.

The StuGs were organized into battalions (later renamed "brigades" for disinformation purposes) and followed their own specific doctrine. Infantry support using direct-fire was its intended role. Later, there was also a strong emphasis on destroying enemy armor whenever encountered. As the StuG III was designed to fill an infantry close support combat role, early models were fitted with a low-velocity 75 mm StuK 37 L/24 gun to destroy soft-skin targets and fortifications. After the Germans encountered the Soviet KV-1 and T-34 tanks, the StuG III was equipped with a high-velocity 75 mm StuK 40 L/43 main gun (Spring 1942) and later, the 75 mm StuK 40 L/48 (Autumn 1942) anti-tank gun. These versions were known as the Sturmgeschütz 40 Ausführung F, Ausf. F/8, and Ausf. G. When the StuG IV entered production in late 1943 and early 1944, the "III" was added to the name to separate it from the Panzer IV-based assault guns. All previous and following models were thereafter known as Sturmgeschütz III.

Beginning with the StuG III Ausf. G, a 7.92 mm MG34 could be mounted on a shield on top of the superstructure for added anti-infantry protection from December 1942. Some of the F/8 models were retrofitted with a shield as well. Many of the later StuG III Ausf. G models were equipped with an additional coaxial 7.92 mm MG34. The vehicles of the Sturmgeschütz series were cheaper and faster to build than contemporary German tanks; at 82,500 RM, a StuG III Ausf G was cheaper than a Panzer III Ausf. M, which cost 103,163 RM. This was due to the omission of the turret, which greatly simplified manufacture and allowed the chassis to carry a larger gun than it could otherwise. By the end of the war, 10,619 StuG IIIs and StuH 42s had been built.

Operational history

A StuG III destroyed in Normandy, 1944. This vehicle likely suffered a catastrophic internal explosion.

Overall, Sturmgeschütz-series assault guns proved very successful and served on all fronts as assault guns and tank-destroyers. Although Tigers and Panthers have earned a greater notoriety, assault guns collectively destroyed more tanks. Because of their low silhouette, StuG IIIs were easy to camouflage and a difficult target. Sturmgeschütz crews were considered to be the elite of the artillery units. Sturmgeschütz units held a very impressive record of tank kills: some 20,000 enemy tanks by the spring of 1944. As of April 10, 1945, there were 1,053 StuG IIIs and 277 StuH 42s in service. Approximately 9,500 StuG IIIs of various types were produced until March 1945 by Alkett and a small number by MIAG.

In terms of the resources expended in their construction, the StuG assault guns were extremely cost-effective compared to the heavier German tanks, though in the anti-tank role, it was best used defensively, as the lack of a traversable turret would be a severe disadvantage in the assault role. As the German military situation deteriorated later in the war, more and more StuG guns were constructed in comparison to tanks: an effort to replace losses and bolster defences against the encroaching Allied forces.

In 1944, the Finnish Army received 59 StuG III Ausf. Gs from Germany (30 Stu 40 Ausf.G and 29 StuG III Ausf. G) and used them against the Soviet Union. These destroyed at least 87 enemy tanks for a loss of only 8 StuGs[2] (some of these were destroyed by their crews to avoid capture). After the war, they were the main combat vehicles of the Finnish Army until the early 1960s. These StuGs gained the nickname "Sturmi" which can be found in some plastic kit models.

Sturmgeschütz III Ausf G, captured from the Syrian Army, in Yad la-Shiryon Museum, Israel.

100 StuG III Ausf. G were delivered to Romania in the autumn of 1943. They were officially known as TAs (or TAs T3 to avoid confusion with TAs T4) in the army inventory. By February 1945, 13 units were still in use with the 2nd Armored Regiment. None of this initial batch survived the end of the war. 31 TAs were on the army inventory in November 1947. Most of them were probably StuG III Ausf. Gs and a small number of Panzer IV/70 (V)s, known as TAs T4s. These TAs were supplied by the Red Army or were damaged units repaired by the Romanian Army. All German equipment was scrapped in 1954 due to the Army's decision to use Soviet armor. StuG IIIs were also exported to other nations such as Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, and Spain.

Many German Sturmgeschütz IIIs were captured by Yugoslav Partisans. After the war, they were used by the Yugoslav Peoples Army until the 1950s.

After the Second World War, the Soviet Union donated some of their captured German vehicles to Syria, which continued to use them, along with other war surplus AFVs (like long-barreled Panzer IVs and T-34/85s), during the fifties and up until the The War over Water against Israel in the mid 60s. By the time of the Six Days War, all of them had been either destroyed, stripped for spare parts, or interred on the Golan Heights as static pillboxes.
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