Renault FT

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RenaultFT

Icon
France Light Tank Tier I
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 0  Credits
Hit Points 105115 HP
Weight Limit 4.7/4.94.787/6.8 t
Crew
Commander (Gunner, Radio Operator, Loader)
Driver
Mobility
Engine Power 39100 hp
Speed Limit 21 km/h
Traverse 2830 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 8.320.89 hp/t
Pivot NoNo
Armor
Hull Armor 16/16/16 mm
Turret Armor16/16/1222/22/16 mm
Armament
Damage 22.5-37.520.3-33.8 HP
Penetration 22-3635-58 mm
Rate of Fire
24100% crew: 25.03 rpm
+ Vents: 25.59 rpm
+ BiA : 26.16 rpm
+ Food: 27.29 rpm
28.57100% crew: 29.8 rpm
+ Vents: 30.47 rpm
+ BiA : 31.14 rpm
+ Food: 32.49 rpm
r/m
Accuracy
0.54100% crew: 0.52 m
+ Vents: 0.51 m
+ BiA : 0.5 m
+ Food: 0.47 m
0.45100% crew: 0.43 m
+ Vents: 0.42 m
+ BiA : 0.41 m
+ Food: 0.4 m
m
Aim time
2.5100% crew: 2.4 s
+ Vents: 2.34 s
+ BiA : 2.29 s
+ Food: 2.2 s
1.5100% crew: 1.44 s
+ Vents: 1.41 s
+ BiA : 1.38 s
+ Food: 1.32 s
s
Turret Traverse
38100% crew: 39.63 deg/s
+ Vents: 40.52 deg/s
+ BiA : 41.42 deg/s
+ Food: 43.21 deg/s
34100% crew: 35.46 deg/s
+ Vents: 36.26 deg/s
+ BiA : 37.06 deg/s
+ Food: 38.66 deg/s
deg/s
Gun Arc 360°
Elevation Arc -2°/+35°-4°/+35°
Ammo Capacity 237360 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 2020 %
View Range
250100% crew: 250 m
+ Vents: 255.36 m
+ BiA : 260.71 m
+ Food: 271.43 m
280100% crew: 280 m
+ Vents: 286 m
+ BiA : 292 m
+ Food: 304 m
m
Signal Range
90100% crew: 93.86 m
+ Vents: 95.98 m
+ BiA : 98.1 m
+ Food: 102.34 m
300100% crew: 312.86 m
+ Vents: 319.93 m
+ BiA : 327 m
+ Food: 341.14 m
m
Parent none
Child
Contour-France-D1.png70 XP
Contour-France-Hotchkiss H35.png115 XP
Contour-France-RenaultFT AC.png100 XP
Contour-France-RenaultBS.png145 XP
Values are Stock - click for Top
France-RenaultFT.png

The Renault FT is a French tier 1 light tank.

The Renault FT, model of 1917, was a Char Léger, or French light tank, that is widely acknowledged as one of the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history. The FT was the first operational tank to have its armament mounted within a fully rotating turret. The FT's basic configuration with the turret on top, engine in the back, and the driver in front became the standard pattern, repeated in most tanks to this day. Armor historian Steven Zaloga has called the Renault FT "the world's first modern tank".

The first French tank available to the player. It has good acceleration, but poor top speed. The available guns have only subpar damage output, but a very high rate of fire. The armor is fairly thick for its tier.

The Renault FT leads to the Hotchkiss H35, the Renault FT AC, the D1 and the Renault FT 75 BS.


















Modules

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
01I Renault FT Omnibus 0016 16/16/12 mm
38100% crew: 39.63 deg/s
+ Vents: 40.52 deg/s
+ BiA : 41.42 deg/s
+ Food: 43.21 deg/s
38100% crew: 39.63 deg/s
+ Vents: 40.52 deg/s
+ BiA : 41.42 deg/s
+ Food: 43.21 deg/s
d/s
360°
250100% crew: 250 m
+ Vents: 255.36 m
+ BiA : 260.71 m
+ Food: 271.43 m
250100% crew: 250 m
+ Vents: 255.36 m
+ BiA : 260.71 m
+ Food: 271.43 m
m
0------ 0000000000 Credits 0170 170 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
01I 37 mm APX SA18 237 30/30/36 HP 29/46/18 mm 0 Credits/2 Gold/6 Credits
24100% crew: 25.03 rpm
+ Vents: 25.59 rpm
+ BiA : 26.16 rpm
+ Food: 27.29 rpm
r/m
0.54100% crew: 0.52 m
+ Vents: 0.51 m
+ BiA : 0.5 m
+ Food: 0.47 m
m
2.5100% crew: 2.4 s
+ Vents: 2.34 s
+ BiA : 2.29 s
+ Food: 2.2 s
s
-6°/+35° --- 0000000000 Credits 0100 100 kg
01I 13.2 mm Hotchkiss mle. 1930 720 8/8 HP 23/36 mm 1 Credits/1 Gold
117.39100% crew: 121.16 rpm
+ Vents: 123.2 rpm
+ BiA : 125.21 rpm
+ Food: 129.18 rpm
Autocannon

Burst Length: 5 rounds
Magazine Size: 15 rounds
Magazine RoF: 450 rpm
Magazine Reload Time: 5.8 s

Click here for more information.
r/m
0.58100% crew: 0.56 m
+ Vents: 0.54 m
+ BiA : 0.53 m
+ Food: 0.51 m
m
2100% crew: 1.92 s
+ Vents: 1.88 s
+ BiA : 1.83 s
+ Food: 1.76 s
s
-10°/+35° 30 1,5001,500 Credits 0070 70 kg

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
02II Renault FT Berliet 0022 22/22/16 mm
34100% crew: 35.46 deg/s
+ Vents: 36.26 deg/s
+ BiA : 37.06 deg/s
+ Food: 38.66 deg/s
34100% crew: 35.46 deg/s
+ Vents: 36.26 deg/s
+ BiA : 37.06 deg/s
+ Food: 38.66 deg/s
d/s
360°
280100% crew: 280 m
+ Vents: 286 m
+ BiA : 292 m
+ Food: 304 m
280100% crew: 280 m
+ Vents: 286 m
+ BiA : 292 m
+ Food: 304 m
m
004040 000000240240 Credits 0200 200 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
01I 37 mm APX SA18 237 30/30/36 HP 29/46/18 mm 0 Credits/2 Gold/6 Credits
24100% crew: 25.03 rpm
+ Vents: 25.59 rpm
+ BiA : 26.16 rpm
+ Food: 27.29 rpm
r/m
0.54100% crew: 0.52 m
+ Vents: 0.51 m
+ BiA : 0.5 m
+ Food: 0.47 m
m
2100% crew: 1.92 s
+ Vents: 1.88 s
+ BiA : 1.83 s
+ Food: 1.76 s
s
-2°/+35° --- 0000000000 Credits 0100 100 kg
01I 13.2 mm Hotchkiss mle. 1930 720 8/8 HP 23/36 mm 1 Credits/1 Gold
117.39100% crew: 121.16 rpm
+ Vents: 123.2 rpm
+ BiA : 125.21 rpm
+ Food: 129.18 rpm
Autocannon

Burst Length: 5 rounds
Magazine Size: 15 rounds
Magazine RoF: 450 rpm
Magazine Reload Time: 5.8 s

Click here for more information.
r/m
0.58100% crew: 0.56 m
+ Vents: 0.54 m
+ BiA : 0.53 m
+ Food: 0.51 m
m
2100% crew: 1.92 s
+ Vents: 1.88 s
+ BiA : 1.83 s
+ Food: 1.76 s
s
-10°/+35° 30 1,5001,500 Credits 0070 70 kg
02II 25 mm Canon Raccourci mle. 1934 360 27/27 HP 46/68 mm 5 Credits/2 Gold
28.57100% crew: 29.8 rpm
+ Vents: 30.47 rpm
+ BiA : 31.14 rpm
+ Food: 32.49 rpm
r/m
0.45100% crew: 0.43 m
+ Vents: 0.42 m
+ BiA : 0.41 m
+ Food: 0.4 m
m
1.5100% crew: 1.44 s
+ Vents: 1.41 s
+ BiA : 1.38 s
+ Food: 1.32 s
s
-4°/+35° 150 2,3202,320 Credits 0071 71 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
01I Renault 0039 39 hp 020 20 % Gasoline --- 0000000000 Credits 0266 266 kg
01I Renault M26/27 0045 45 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 30 000000300300 Credits 0266 266 kg
01I Franklin 0100 100 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 40 000000330330 Credits 0266 266 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
01I M17 4.894.89 t 02828 d/s ------ 0000000000 Credits 1,200 1,200 kg
02II M26/27 06.86.8 t 03030 d/s 08080 000000560560 Credits 1,200 1,200 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
01I Signal Flags
90100% crew: 93.86 m
+ Vents: 95.98 m
+ BiA : 98.1 m
+ Food: 102.34 m
90100% crew: 93.86 m
+ Vents: 95.98 m
+ BiA : 98.1 m
+ Food: 102.34 m
m
0--- --- 0000000000 Credits 0001 1 kg
03III ER 52
300100% crew: 312.86 m
+ Vents: 319.93 m
+ BiA : 327 m
+ Food: 341.14 m
300100% crew: 312.86 m
+ Vents: 319.93 m
+ BiA : 327 m
+ Food: 341.14 m
m
0100 100 000000600600 Credits 0100 100 kg

Historical Info

The Renault FT, model of 1917, was a Char Léger, or French light tank, that is widely acknowledged as one of the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history. The FT was the first operational tank to have its armament mounted within a fully rotating turret. The FT's basic configuration with the turret on top, engine in the back, and the driver in front became the standard pattern, repeated in most tanks to this day. Armor historian Steven Zaloga has called the Renault FT "the world's first modern tank". (1)

The FT was the ancestor of a long line of French tanks produced by Renault: the FT Kégresse, the NC1, the NC2, the Char D1, the Char D2, and the R35. (2, 3)    It inspired and influenced many later designs by other manufacturers including the H35 and the Somua 35. (4)    In addition to its pioneering design, the FT proved to be both cheap and suitable for mass production techniques. It became a popular export for France and Renault and was also licensed and copied for production by other countries.

In the U.S., a slightly modified version was built under license from Renault as the Six Ton Tank, or M1917 (of which 950 were built, 64 before the end of WWI, but too late to be used in action). The Italians produced as their standard tank the FIAT 3000, a moderately close copy of the FT. The Soviet Red Army captured fourteen burnt-out Renaults from White Russian forces during the Russian Civil War, and rebuilt them at the Krasnoye Sormovo Factory in 1920. Nearly 15 exact copies, called "Russian Renoe" were produced in 1920-1922, but due to technical production problems, they never actually saw the battlefield. In 1928-1931 the first completely Soviet-designed tank was the T-18, a derivation of the Renault with sprung suspension.

In all, the Renault FT was used by the armies of Afghanistan, Belgium, Brazil, the Republic of China, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Finland, France, Nazi Germany, Iran, Japan, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Romania, the Russian White Army, the Soviet Union, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Norway, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.


Development and Production

Studies on the production of a new light tank were started in May 1916 by the famous car producer Louis Renault. The evidence strongly suggests that Renault himself drew up the preliminary design, unconvinced that a sufficient power-to-weight ratio could be achieved by the medium tanks requested by the military. One of his most talented designers, Rodolphe Ernst-Metzmaier, prepared the final drawings.

Though the project was far more advanced than the first two types of French tank, the Schneider CA1 and the heavy Saint-Chamond, Renault had at first great trouble getting his design accepted by the head of the French tank arm, Colonel (later General) Jean Baptiste Eugène Estienne. Even after the first British use of tanks, on 15 September 1916, when the French people called for the deployment of their own chars, the production of the light tank was almost cancelled in favor of that of a superheavy tank (the later Char 2C). However, now with the support of Estienne and the successive French Commanders in Chief, who saw light tanks as a more feasible and realistic option, Renault was at last able to proceed with the design. The design remained in competition with the Char 2C until the very end of the war.

The prototype was slowly refined during the first half of 1917, although the FT was plagued by radiator fan belt and cooling system problems throughout the war. Only 84 FTs were produced in 1917 but 2,697 were delivered before the WWI Armistice. At least 3,694 FTs were produced in total, perhaps more; some estimates go as high as 4,000 for all versions combined. A total of 3,177 were delivered to the French Army; 514 were directly delivered to the U.S. Army; 24 to Great Britain; and three to Italy - giving a total production number of at least 3,694.

The first FT tanks had a round cast turret; later improvements consisted of either an octagonal turret or an even later rounded turret of bent steel plate (called the Girod turret, after one of the factories that produced it). The latter two turrets could carry a Puteaux SA 18 gun, or a 7.92 mm Hotchkiss machine gun.


Service History

The FT was widely used by the French and the US in the later stages of World War I, after 31 May 1918. It was cheap and well-suited for mass production. It reflected an emphasis on quantity, both on a tactical level and strategic: Estienne proposed to overwhelm the enemy defenses using a "swarm" of light tanks, and the Entente was thought to be able to gain the upper hand by outproducing the Central Powers. A goal was set of 12,260 to be manufactured (including 4,440 of the US version) before the end of 1919.

After WWI, FT tanks were exported to many countries. As a result, FT tanks were used by most nations having armored forces, invariably as their first tank type, including the United States. They took part in many later conflicts, such as the Russian Civil War, Polish-Soviet War, Chinese Civil War, Rif War, Spanish Civil War and Estonian War of Independence.

FT tanks were also used in the Second World War, among others in Poland, Finland, France and Kingdom of Yugoslavia, although they were completely obsolete by then. In 1940 the French army still had eight battalions equipped with 63 FTs each and three independent companies with ten each, for a total strength of 534, all with machine guns.

During the battle of France, in June 1940, when the German drive to the Channel cut off the French and British units, the complete French materiel reserve was sent to the front as an expediency measure; this included 575 FT tanks. Earlier, 115 sections of FT had been formed for airbase defense. The Wehrmacht captured 1,704 FT tanks. A hundred were again deployed in German service and used for airfield defense. Another 650 were used for patrolling occupied Europe. Some of the tanks were also used by the Germans in 1944 for street-fighting in Paris. (5)
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