M24 Chaffee

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M24 Chaffee

Icon
USA Light Tank Tier V
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 687,550  Credits
Hit Points 530580 HP
Weight Limit 18.1/18.319.701/21 t
Crew
Commander
Gunner
Driver
Radio Operator
Loader
Mobility
Engine Power 300500 hp
Speed Limit 56/21 km/h
Traverse 4246 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 16.5725.38 hp/t
Pivot YesYes
Armor
Hull Armor 25/25/19 mm
Turret Armor38/25/2538/25/25 mm
Armament
Damage 82.5-137.586.3-143.8 HP
Penetration 72-120103-171 mm
Rate of Fire
15100% crew: 15.64 rpm
+ Vents: 16 rpm
+ BiA : 16.35 rpm
+ Food: 17.06 rpm
18.18100% crew: 18.96 rpm
+ Vents: 19.39 rpm
+ BiA : 19.82 rpm
+ Food: 20.68 rpm
r/m
Accuracy
0.4100% crew: 0.38 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.37 m
+ Food: 0.35 m
0.39100% crew: 0.37 m
+ Vents: 0.37 m
+ BiA : 0.36 m
+ Food: 0.34 m
m
Aim time
2.1100% crew: 2.01 s
+ Vents: 1.97 s
+ BiA : 1.93 s
+ Food: 1.85 s
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s
Turret Traverse
40100% crew: 41.71 deg/s
+ Vents: 42.66 deg/s
+ BiA : 43.6 deg/s
+ Food: 45.49 deg/s
39100% crew: 40.67 deg/s
+ Vents: 41.59 deg/s
+ BiA : 42.51 deg/s
+ Food: 44.35 deg/s
deg/s
Gun Arc 360°
Elevation Arc -10°/+15°-10°/+15°
Ammo Capacity 4860 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 2020 %
View Range
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
400100% crew: 400 m
+ Vents: 408.57 m
+ BiA : 417.14 m
+ Food: 434.29 m
m
Signal Range
395100% crew: 411.93 m
+ Vents: 421.24 m
+ BiA : 430.55 m
+ Food: 449.17 m
745100% crew: 776.93 m
+ Vents: 794.49 m
+ BiA : 812.05 m
+ Food: 847.17 m
m
Parent Contour-USA-M5 Stuart.png
Child
Contour-USA-M41.png31,500 XP
Research
RT-USA-M24 Chaffee.jpg
Values are Stock - click for Top
USA-M24 Chaffee.png

The M24 Chaffee is an American tier 5 light tank.

The vehicle was intended as a replacement for the M3 Stuart. The M24 entered service in September 1943. They were produced at Massey-Harris and General Motors factories until July 1945, with a total of 4,731 vehicles manufactured.

The M24 Chaffee is considered a very good tank and is like a smaller and faster version of the M26 Pershing. It has one of the best guns for a tier 5 tank because of it's high pen and decent damage ratio, packing even more of a punch than the M4A3E8's. Since patch 8.7 it is the last remaining tank of the three end-of-line light tanks yet to be rebalanced, re-tier or removed.In comparison, it is essentially a better than the T21 having slightly better overall stats, however the M24 Chaffee will see up to battle tier 10 matches more often than while the T21 . It doesn't excel as a super speedy scout like its former Soviet counterpart, as it only reaches 56 kph, and its hull traverse is slower as well. However, it has the farthest view range among all tanks up to tier 6 and its gun can penetrate the sides of tier 8 and 9 heavy tanks. The armor on the Chaffee is thin, with only the gun mantle providing any protection at all, but that is expected with most light tanks. Overall, it is a very balanced tank and can be played like a very fast and low armored medium tank, and can take on the scouting role if there is no better tank to do so, but it is not recommended since the Chaffee has a large silhouette for a scout tank, making it easier to hit. It can also take out artillery easily with its high DPM, good accuracy, and maneuverability. It is best used for harassing and damaging enemy vehicles, and then moving behind cover, or sniping, especially in city maps or with maps with a lot of cover.

The M24 Chaffee marks the end of the American light tank line, but as of update 8.6, the Chaffee leads to the M41 .


















Modules

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
04IV T24 0038 38/25/25 mm
40100% crew: 41.71 deg/s
+ Vents: 42.66 deg/s
+ BiA : 43.6 deg/s
+ Food: 45.49 deg/s
40100% crew: 41.71 deg/s
+ Vents: 42.66 deg/s
+ BiA : 43.6 deg/s
+ Food: 45.49 deg/s
d/s
360°
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
m
0------ 4,5004,500 Credits 1,700 1,700 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
05V 75 mm Gun M6 48 110/110/175 HP 96/143/38 mm 56 Credits/7 Gold/56 Credits
15100% crew: 15.64 rpm
+ Vents: 16 rpm
+ BiA : 16.35 rpm
+ Food: 17.06 rpm
r/m
0.4100% crew: 0.38 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.37 m
+ Food: 0.35 m
m
2.1100% crew: 2.01 s
+ Vents: 1.97 s
+ BiA : 1.93 s
+ Food: 1.85 s
s
-10°/+15° --- 0--- 1,450 1,450 kg

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
06VI T37 0038 38/25/25 mm
39100% crew: 40.67 deg/s
+ Vents: 41.59 deg/s
+ BiA : 42.51 deg/s
+ Food: 44.35 deg/s
39100% crew: 40.67 deg/s
+ Vents: 41.59 deg/s
+ BiA : 42.51 deg/s
+ Food: 44.35 deg/s
d/s
360°
400100% crew: 400 m
+ Vents: 408.57 m
+ BiA : 417.14 m
+ Food: 434.29 m
400100% crew: 400 m
+ Vents: 408.57 m
+ BiA : 417.14 m
+ Food: 434.29 m
m
4,4404,440 15,50015,500 Credits 3,200 3,200 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
05V 75 mm Gun M6 60 110/110/175 HP 96/143/38 mm 56 Credits/7 Gold/56 Credits
15.79100% crew: 16.47 rpm
+ Vents: 16.84 rpm
+ BiA : 17.21 rpm
+ Food: 17.95 rpm
r/m
0.4100% crew: 0.38 m
+ Vents: 0.38 m
+ BiA : 0.37 m
+ Food: 0.35 m
m
1.5100% crew: 1.44 s
+ Vents: 1.41 s
+ BiA : 1.38 s
+ Food: 1.32 s
s
-10°/+15° --- 33,35033,350 Credits 1,450 1,450 kg
06VI 76 mm Gun T94 60 115/110/185 HP 137/185/38 mm 105 Credits/7 Gold/56 Credits
18.18100% crew: 18.96 rpm
+ Vents: 19.39 rpm
+ BiA : 19.82 rpm
+ Food: 20.68 rpm
r/m
0.39100% crew: 0.37 m
+ Vents: 0.37 m
+ BiA : 0.36 m
+ Food: 0.34 m
m
1.7100% crew: 1.63 s
+ Vents: 1.59 s
+ BiA : 1.56 s
+ Food: 1.49 s
s
-10°/+15° 6,100 64,00064,000 Credits 1,590 1,590 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
04IV 2x44E24 V-8 Cadillac 0300 300 hp 020 20 % Gasoline --- 8,0008,000 Credits 0256 256 kg
04IV Wright Continental R-975C1 0400 400 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 900 11,00011,000 Credits 0516 516 kg
07VII Continental AOS-895-1 0500 500 hp 020 20 % Gasoline 11,700 38,50038,500 Credits 0256 256 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
04IV M24T91 18.318.3 t 04242 d/s ------ 4,4504,450 Credits 4,200 4,200 kg
05V M24T95 002121 t 04646 d/s 4,6704,670 9,7509,750 Credits 4,200 4,200 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
06VI SCR 508
395100% crew: 411.93 m
+ Vents: 421.24 m
+ BiA : 430.55 m
+ Food: 449.17 m
395100% crew: 411.93 m
+ Vents: 421.24 m
+ BiA : 430.55 m
+ Food: 449.17 m
m
0--- --- 21,60021,600 Credits 0100 100 kg
09IX SCR 506
615100% crew: 641.36 m
+ Vents: 655.85 m
+ BiA : 670.35 m
+ Food: 699.34 m
615100% crew: 641.36 m
+ Vents: 655.85 m
+ BiA : 670.35 m
+ Food: 699.34 m
m
5,600 5,600 33,60033,600 Credits 0110 110 kg
10X SCR 528
745100% crew: 776.93 m
+ Vents: 794.49 m
+ BiA : 812.05 m
+ Food: 847.17 m
745100% crew: 776.93 m
+ Vents: 794.49 m
+ BiA : 812.05 m
+ Food: 847.17 m
m
9,000 9,000 54,00054,000 Credits 0080 80 kg

Historical Info

M24 Chaffee Light Tank

The Light Tank M24 was an American light tank used during World War II and in postwar conflicts including the Korean War and with the French in the War in Algeria and First Indochina War. In British service it was given the service name Chaffee, after the United States Army General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr., who helped develop the use of tanks in the United States armed forces.

Development and production history

Combat experience indicated several shortcomings of the Light Tank M3/M5, the most important of them being weak armament. The T7 design, which was initially seen as a replacement, evolved into a mediocre Medium Tank M7 and was eventually rejected in March 1943, which prompted the Ordnance Committee to issue a specification for a new light tank, with the same powertrain as the M5A1 but armed with a 75 mm gun. In April 1943 the Ordnance Corps together with Cadillac division of General Motors started work on the new project, designated Light Tank T24. Every effort was made to keep the weight of the vehicle under 20 tons. The armor was kept light, with the glacis plate only 25 mm thick (but sloped at 60 degrees from the vertical). A new lightweight 75 mm gun was developed, a derivative of the gun used in the B-25H Mitchell bomber. The gun had the same ballistics as the M3, but used a thinly walled barrel and different recoil mechanism. The design also featured wider (16 inch) tracks and torsion bar suspension. It had relatively low silhouette and a three-man turret. On October 15, 1943 the first pilot vehicle was delivered and production began in 1944 under the designation Light Tank M24. It was produced at two sites; from April at Cadillac and from July at Massey-Harris. By the time production was stopped in August 1945, 4,731 M24s had left the assembly lines. Some of them were supplied to the British forces.

Combat history

The French deployed several M24 tanks during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Vietnam

The M24 Chaffee was intended to replace the aging and obsolete Light Tank M5 Stuart which was used in supplementary roles. The first thirty-four M24s reached Europe in November 1944 and were issued to the U.S. 2nd Cavalry Group (Mechanized) in France. These were then issued to F Company, 2nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Battalion and F Company, 42nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Battalion which each received seventeen M24s. During the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944, these units and their new tanks were rushed to the southern sector; two of the M24s were detached to serve with the 740th Tank Battalion of the U.S. First Army. The M24 started to enter widespread issue in December 1944 but they were slow in reaching the front-line combat units. By the end of the war many armored divisions were still mainly equipped with the M5. Some armored divisions did not receive their first M24s until the war was over. Reports from the armored divisions that received them prior to the end of hostilities were generally positive. Crews liked the improved off-road performance and reliability, but were most appreciative of the 75 mm main gun, as a vast improvement over the 37 mm. The M24 was not up to the challenge of fighting German tanks, but the bigger gun at least gave its crews a chance to fight back when it was required. The M24's light armor made it vulnerable to virtually all German tanks, anti-tank guns, and hand-held anti-tank weapons. The contribution of the M24 to winning the war in Europe was insignificant, as too few arrived too late to replace the worn-out M5s of the armored divisions. In the Korean War M24s were the first U.S. tanks to fight the North Korean T-34-85s. The M24 fared poorly against these much better-armed and armored medium tanks. M24s were more successful later in the war in their reconnaissance role, supported by heavier tanks such as the M4, M26, and M46. Like other successful World War II designs, the M24 was supplied to many armies around the globe and was used in local conflicts long after it had been replaced in the U.S. Army by the M41 Walker Bulldog. France employed its M24s in Indo-China in infantry support missions, with good results. They employed ten M24s in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. In December 1953 ten disassembled Chaffees were transported by air to provide fire support to the garrison. They fired about 15,000 shells in the long siege that followed before the Viet Minh forces conquered the camp in May 1954. France also deployed the M24 in Algeria. The last time the M24 is known to have been in action was in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, where some 66 Pakistani Chaffees stationed in Bangladesh were easy prey for Indian Army T-55s, PT-76s, and anti-tank teams. Although both Iran and Iraq had M24s prior to the Iran–Iraq War, there is no report of their use in that conflict.

Variants

- Light Tank T24 - prototype, was standardized as Light Tank M24.

- Light Tank T24E1 - prototype with Continental R-975-C4 engine and Spicer torque converter transmission. One vehicle was converted from the original T24 prototype and tested in October 1944. The vehicle had superior performance compared to the M24, but suffered from transmission reliability problems.

- M19 Gun Motor Carriage Engine moved to the center of hull, twin 40 mm M2 AA mounted at hull rear (336 rounds). 904 were ordered in August 1944, but only 285 were delivered.

- M37 105 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage Carried a 105 mm howitzer M4 (126 rounds). Was intended to replace the 105mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M7. 448 ordered, 316 delivered.

- M41 155 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage (Gorilla) Engine moved to the center of hull, 155 mm howitzer M1 mounted at rear. 250 ordered, 60 delivered.

- T77 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage. Had 6 .50 caliber machine guns mounted in a new designed turret.

- T9, T13 Utility vehicles.

- T22E1, T23E1, T33 Cargo carriers.

- T42, T43 Cargo tractors. Based on the T33, the T42 had a torque converter transmission from the M18 Hellcat. The M43 was a lightened version of the T42.

- T9. Had bulldozer kit installed.

- T6E1 Tank recovery vehicle.

- The M38 Wolfhound prototype armored car was experimentally fitted with an M24 turret.

- M4 Earth Moving Tank Mounting Bulldozer. Bulldozer kit for the M24 series.

Foreign variants

Norwegian modification of the M24 Chaffee under the NM-116 designation

- NM-116. In 1972 the Norwegian Army decided to retain 54 of their 123 M24 light tanks as reconnaissance vehicles after they were substantially rebuilt under the designation NM-116. It was calculated that the NM-116 rebuilding program cost only about a third as much as contemporary light tanks. This program was managed by the firm Thune-Eureka. The American firm NAPCO developed an improved power-pack based around the 6V53T diesel engine used in the M113 armored personnel carrier mated to an Allison MT-653 transmission. The original 75 mm Gun M6 L / 39 was replaced with a French D-925 90 mm low pressure gun, with a co-axil M2 .50-caliberheavy machine gun. The bow gunner position was eliminated in favor of ammunition stowage. A new fire control system was installed, complete with a Simrad LV3 laser rangefinder. Norwegian firms also converted eight M24 light tanks into light armored recovery vehicles to support the NM-116. The NM-116 were retired from service in 1993.

- The Chilean Army up-gunned their M24s in the mid-80s to the IMI-OTO 60 mm Hyper Velocity Medium Support (HVMS) gun, with comparable performance to a standard 90 mm gun.Chile operated this version until 1999.

- Uruguay continues to use the M24, modernized with new engines and 76mm guns which can fire armour-piercing, fin stabilised, discarding sabot (or APFSDS) rounds.

- In mid-1950s, in an attempt to improve the anti-tank performance of the vehicle, some French M24s had their turrets replaced with those of the AMX-13 light tank. Interestingly, AMX-13 variant with Chaffee turret also existed.
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