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|China||Heavy Tank||Tier VII|
Soviet IS-2 tanks were exported to China in the early 1950s and were used during the Korean War from 1950 through 1953. According to American reconnaissance data, at least four Chinese tank companies deployed in Korea had the IS-2 tanks, with five tanks in each company. The IS-2 tank was in service until the late 1950s. The production was discontinued due to a shortage of spare parts and the launch of the Type 59 project. A few IS-2 tanks were exported to Vietnam, where they fought in the final stage of the Indochina War of 1946-1954.
The IS-2 is a similar tank to its Soviet counterpart, the IS. The upgraded IS is basically the same model as the IS-2, so both tanks have a very similar play style.
The IS-2 leads to the 110.
|Guns compatible with this Turret:|
|Guns compatible with this Turret:|
Pros and Cons
- 50 more hitpoints than the Soviet IS; 1280 vs. 1230
- Ability to fire HEAT rounds
- High mobility and low terrain resistance for a heavy tank
- 38km/hr top speed which can be easily achieved on flat terrain
- 90mm frontal armor sloped at a 60 degree angle gives IS-2 very good protection
- No shot trap into bottom of turret like on the IS
- 100 mm 44-100JT stock gun makes IS-2's "grind" pretty much painless, and is also the best gun for the T-34-1.
- Sluggish when going uphill compare to soviet IS due to low engine power
- Research of top gun is not carried over from Soviet tree as some might believe
- Poor gun depression; results in difficulty cresting and using cover
- Poor gun accuracy at medium to long range
- Long aim time even when equipped with a gun laying drive
- Difficult to angle the hull without exposing weakspots
It should be noted that the IS and the IS-2 share a lot of characteristics and should be played similarly. In comparison, the IS-2's frontal armor is much better, has slightly worse gun depression, and can be angled similarly to German heavies. Furthermore, the IS-2 is very quick and nimble for a heavy.
The IS-2 is a great brawler and is considered an upgraded version of the IS by most. While the IS-2 excels in urban maps, it will generally be much less effective at a distance on open-field maps.
In game statistics imply no difference between the stock turret and the Late model turret. However, the second turret does add an additional 50 HP, bringing the overall HP from 1,230 to 1,280.
- The 12150L Engine and 9RM Radio carry over from the Type 58. Mount them immediately.
- First, research the 122 mm 37-122JT Gun.
- If you want more speed, research the 12150LS Engine.
- If you would prefer more firepower, research either the IS-2 late Suspension or the A-220 Radio, followed by the 122 mm D-25T Gun.
- Once you have researched all four of these modules, research the IS-2 late Turret.
Two candidate weapons were the A-19 122 mm gun and the BS-3 100 mm gun. The BS-3 had superior armour penetration (185 mm compared to 160 mm), but a less useful high explosive round. Also, the BS-3 was a relatively new weapon in short supply, while there was excess production capacity for the A-19 and its ammunition. Compared to the older 76.2 mm tank gun, the A-19 had very good armour penetration, similar to that of the effective 75 mm high velocity gun mounted on the German Panther, and delivered 3.5 times the kinetic energy of the older F-34. After testing both BS-3 and A-19 guns, the latter was selected as the main armament of the new tank, primarily because of its ready availability and the effect of its large high-explosive shell when attacking German fortifications. The A-19 used a separate shell and powder charge, resulting in a lower rate of fire and reduced ammunition capacity, both serious disadvantages in tank-to-tank engagements. The gun was very powerful, and while its 122 mm armour-piercing shell had a lower muzzle velocity than similar late-issue German 75 mm and 88 mm guns, Soviet proving-ground tests established that the A-19 could penetrate the front armour of the German Panther tank, and it was therefore considered adequate in the anti-tank role.
German Army data on the penetration ranges of the 122 mm A-19 gun against the Panther tank showed it to be much less effective when the Panther stood at a side angle of 30 degrees to the incoming round: the A-19 gun was unable to penetrate the glacis plate of the Panther at any distance, and could only penetrate the bottom front plate of the hull at 100 m. It was the large HE shell the gun fired which was its main asset, proving highly useful and destructive in the anti-personnel role. The size of its gun continued to plague the IS-2, and the two-piece ammunition was difficult to handle and slow to reload (the rate of fire was only about two rounds per minute). Another limitation imposed by the size of its ammunition was the payload: only 28 rounds could be carried inside the tank.
The IS-122 prototype replaced the IS-85, and began mass production as the IS-2. The 85 mm guns could be reserved for the new T-34-85 medium tank, and some of the IS-1s built were rearmed before leaving the factory, and issued as IS-2s. The main production model was the IS-2, with the powerful A-19. It was slightly lighter and faster than the heaviest KV model 1942 tank, with thicker front armour and a much-improved turret design. The tank could carry thicker armour than the KV series, while remaining lighter, due to the better layout of the armour envelope. The KV's armour was less well-shaped and featured heavy armour even on the rear, while the IS series concentrated its armour at the front. The IS-2 weighed about the same as a German Panther and was lighter than the German heavy Tiger tank series, and was slightly lower than either. Western observers tended to criticize Soviet tanks for their lack of finish and crude construction. The Soviets responded that it was warranted considering the need for wartime expediency and the typically short battlefield life of their tanks.
Early IS-2s can be identified by the 'stepped' front hull casting with its small, opening driver's visor. The early tanks lacked gun tube travel locks or antiaircraft machine guns, and had narrow mantlets. Later improved IS-2s (model 1944) had a faster-loading version of the gun, the D25-T with a double-baffle muzzle brake and better fire-control. It also featured a simpler hull front without a 'step' in it (using a flat, sloping glacis armour plate). Some sources called it IS-2m, but it is distinct from the official Soviet designation IS-2M for a 1950s modernization. Other minor upgrades included the addition of a travel lock on the hull rear, wider mantlet, and, on very late models, an antiaircraft machine gun. In the mid-1950s, the remaining IS-2 tanks (mostly model 1944 variants) were upgraded to keep them battle-worthy, producing the IS-2M, which introduced fittings such as external fuel tanks on the rear hull (the basic IS-2 had these only on the hull sides), stowage bins on both sides of the hull, and protective skirting along the top edges of the tracks.
The IS-2 tank first saw combat in early 1944. IS-2s were assigned to separate heavy tank regiments, normally of 21 tanks each. These regiments were used to reinforce the most important attack sectors during major offensive operations. Tactically, they were employed as breakthrough tanks. Their role was to support infantry in the assault, using their large guns to destroy bunkers, buildings, dug-in crew-served weapons, and other 'soft' targets. They were also capable of taking on any German AFVs if required. Once a breakthrough was achieved, lighter, more mobile T-34s would take over the exploitation.By the 1950s the emergence of the main battle tank concept—combining medium-tank mobility with the firepower and later armour of the heavy tank—had rendered heavy tanks obsolete in Soviet operational doctrine. In the late 1960s the remaining Soviet heavy tanks were transferred to Red Army reserve service and storage. The IS-2 Model 1944 remained in active service much longer in the armies of Cuba, China and North Korea. A regiment of Chinese IS-2s was available for use in the Korean War, but saw no service there. In response to border disputes between the Soviet Union and China, some Soviet IS-3s were dug in as fixed pillboxes along the Soviet-Chinese border.