Caernarvon

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Caernarvon

Icon
UK Heavy Tank Tier VIII
Battle Tiers
123456789101112
Totals
Cost 2,520,000  Credits
Hit Points 1,5001,600 HP
Weight Limit 59.2/6060.036/63 t
Crew
Commander
Driver
Gunner
Loader (Radio Operator)
Mobility
Engine Power 650810 hp
Speed Limit 34.3 km/h
Traverse 2224 deg/s
Power/Wt Ratio 10.9813.49 hp/t
Pivot YesYes
Armor
Hull Armor 130/51/38 mm
Turret Armor152/95/95165/112/90 mm
Armament
Damage 112.5-187.5172.5-287.5 HP
Penetration 128-214170-283 mm
Rate of Fire
13.33100% crew: 13.9 rpm
+ Vents: 14.22 rpm
+ BiA : 14.53 rpm
+ Food: 15.16 rpm
7.69100% crew: 8.02 rpm
+ Vents: 8.2 rpm
+ BiA : 8.38 rpm
+ Food: 8.75 rpm
r/m
Accuracy
0.34100% crew: 0.33 m
+ Vents: 0.32 m
+ BiA : 0.31 m
+ Food: 0.3 m
0.32100% crew: 0.31 m
+ Vents: 0.3 m
+ BiA : 0.29 m
+ Food: 0.28 m
m
Aim time
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
1.9100% crew: 1.82 s
+ Vents: 1.78 s
+ BiA : 1.74 s
+ Food: 1.67 s
s
Turret Traverse
30100% crew: 31.29 deg/s
+ Vents: 31.99 deg/s
+ BiA : 32.7 deg/s
+ Food: 34.11 deg/s
36100% crew: 37.54 deg/s
+ Vents: 38.39 deg/s
+ BiA : 39.24 deg/s
+ Food: 40.94 deg/s
deg/s
Gun Arc 360°
Elevation Arc -10°/+18°-10°/+18°
Ammo Capacity 7060 rounds
General
Chance of Fire 2020 %
View Range
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
400100% crew: 400 m
+ Vents: 408.57 m
+ BiA : 417.14 m
+ Food: 434.29 m
m
Signal Range
550100% crew: 573.57 m
+ Vents: 586.54 m
+ BiA : 599.5 m
+ Food: 625.43 m
750100% crew: 782.14 m
+ Vents: 799.82 m
+ BiA : 817.5 m
+ Food: 852.86 m
m
Parent Contour-UK-GB10 Black Prince.png
Child
Contour-UK-GB12 Conqueror.png110,000 XP
Research
RT-UK-Caernarvon.jpg
Values are Stock - click for Top
UK-GB11 Caernarvon.png

The Caernarvon is a British tier 8 heavy tank.

Development of this infantry support tank started in 1944. The first prototype was ready for trials in 1952. A total of 21 tanks were manufactured but never entered service. Some of the vehicles were later converted into the Conqueror heavy tanks.

A big change in the British heavy tank line, the Caernarvon marks the beginning of the "universal tank" part of the tree. Therefore, its mobility is much better than that of the Black Prince. However the armor is not as thick despite being sloped which is something previous tanks lacked. The top gun is an improvement of the one from its predecessor in terms of aim time, accuracy and rate of fire and has an ideal role for hulldown tactics as its large gun mantlet can eat shots with no consequence.

Unfortunately, it takes quite a while to realize this tank's potential if one has not previously unlocked modules on the British Medium tree, and even with the top gun, the low alpha damage can be a problem at that tier, and the grind can be slow and even frustrating that can kill the enthusiasm of many for British tanks. Still, despite its flaws, this can be a fearsome tank to have to face down from over the hills or far away.

The Caernarvon leads to the Conqueror.


















Modules

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
07VII Black Prince 0152 152/95/95 mm
30100% crew: 31.29 deg/s
+ Vents: 31.99 deg/s
+ BiA : 32.7 deg/s
+ Food: 34.11 deg/s
30100% crew: 31.29 deg/s
+ Vents: 31.99 deg/s
+ BiA : 32.7 deg/s
+ Food: 34.11 deg/s
d/s
360°
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
370100% crew: 370 m
+ Vents: 377.93 m
+ BiA : 385.86 m
+ Food: 401.71 m
m
0------ 22,50022,500 Credits 10,000 10,000 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
07VII OQF 17-pdr Gun Mk. VII 70 150/150/190 HP 171/239/38 mm 175 Credits/8 Gold/75 Credits
13.33100% crew: 13.9 rpm
+ Vents: 14.22 rpm
+ BiA : 14.53 rpm
+ Food: 15.16 rpm
r/m
0.34100% crew: 0.33 m
+ Vents: 0.32 m
+ BiA : 0.31 m
+ Food: 0.3 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s

Front: -8°/+15°
Sides: -8°/+15°

Rear: -5°/+15°
--- 0--- 0826 826 kg

Turret
TierNameArmorTraverse SpeedTraverse ArcView RangeXP CostPriceWeight
08VIII Centurion Mk. II 0165 165/112/90 mm
36100% crew: 37.54 deg/s
+ Vents: 38.39 deg/s
+ BiA : 39.24 deg/s
+ Food: 40.94 deg/s
36100% crew: 37.54 deg/s
+ Vents: 38.39 deg/s
+ BiA : 39.24 deg/s
+ Food: 40.94 deg/s
d/s
360°
400100% crew: 400 m
+ Vents: 408.57 m
+ BiA : 417.14 m
+ Food: 434.29 m
400100% crew: 400 m
+ Vents: 408.57 m
+ BiA : 417.14 m
+ Food: 434.29 m
m
14,50014,500 31,00031,000 Credits 10,400 10,400 kg
Guns compatible with this Turret:
Gun
TierNameAmmoDamagePenetrationShell PriceRate of FireAccuracyAim TimeElevationXP CostPriceWeight
07VII OQF 17-pdr Gun Mk. VII 70 150/150/190 HP 171/239/38 mm 175 Credits/8 Gold/75 Credits
14.29100% crew: 14.9 rpm
+ Vents: 15.23 rpm
+ BiA : 15.57 rpm
+ Food: 16.24 rpm
r/m
0.34100% crew: 0.33 m
+ Vents: 0.32 m
+ BiA : 0.31 m
+ Food: 0.3 m
m
1.9100% crew: 1.82 s
+ Vents: 1.78 s
+ BiA : 1.74 s
+ Food: 1.67 s
s

Front: -10°/+18°
Sides: -10°/+18°

Rear: -5°/+18°
--- 60,00060,000 Credits 0826 826 kg
08VIII OQF 20-pdr Gun Type A Barrel 60 230/230/280 HP 226/258/42 mm 680 Credits/11 Gold/170 Credits
7.5100% crew: 7.82 rpm
+ Vents: 8 rpm
+ BiA : 8.18 rpm
+ Food: 8.53 rpm
r/m
0.33100% crew: 0.32 m
+ Vents: 0.31 m
+ BiA : 0.3 m
+ Food: 0.29 m
m
2.3100% crew: 2.21 s
+ Vents: 2.16 s
+ BiA : 2.11 s
+ Food: 2.02 s
s

Front: -10°/+18°
Sides: -10°/+18°

Rear: -5°/+18°
16,400 120,000120,000 Credits 1,242 1,242 kg
09IX OQF 20-pdr Gun Type B Barrel 60 230/230/280 HP 226/258/42 mm 680 Credits/11 Gold/170 Credits
7.69100% crew: 8.02 rpm
+ Vents: 8.2 rpm
+ BiA : 8.38 rpm
+ Food: 8.75 rpm
r/m
0.32100% crew: 0.31 m
+ Vents: 0.3 m
+ BiA : 0.29 m
+ Food: 0.28 m
m
1.9100% crew: 1.82 s
+ Vents: 1.78 s
+ BiA : 1.74 s
+ Food: 1.67 s
s

Front: -10°/+18°
Sides: -10°/+18°

Rear: -5°/+18°
45,000 180,000180,000 Credits 1,282 1,282 kg

Engine
TierNamePowerFire ChanceTypeXP CostPriceWeight
05V Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk. IVB 0650 650 hp 020 20 % Petrol --- 16,00016,000 Credits 0744 744 kg
09IX Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk. IVC 0750 750 hp 020 20 % Petrol 31,000 84,00084,000 Credits 0744 744 kg
09IX Rolls-Royce Meteor M120 0810 810 hp 020 20 % Petrol 27,000 92,00092,000 Credits 0744 744 kg

Suspension
TierNameLoad LimitTraverse SpeedXP CostPriceWeight
07VII FV221 006060 t 02222 d/s ------ 20,20020,200 Credits 12,000 12,000 kg
08VIII FV221A 006363 t 02424 d/s 14,80014,800 30,50030,500 Credits 12,000 12,000 kg

Radio
TierNameRangeXP CostPriceWeight
08VIII WS No. 19 Mk. III
550100% crew: 573.57 m
+ Vents: 586.54 m
+ BiA : 599.5 m
+ Food: 625.43 m
550100% crew: 573.57 m
+ Vents: 586.54 m
+ BiA : 599.5 m
+ Food: 625.43 m
m
0--- --- 22,00022,000 Credits 0040 40 kg
08VIII WS No. 22
700100% crew: 730 m
+ Vents: 748 m
+ BiA : 763 m
+ Food: 796 m
700100% crew: 730 m
+ Vents: 748 m
+ BiA : 763 m
+ Food: 796 m
m
4,500 4,500 25,00025,000 Credits 0040 40 kg
10X SR C42
750100% crew: 782.14 m
+ Vents: 799.82 m
+ BiA : 817.5 m
+ Food: 852.86 m
750100% crew: 782.14 m
+ Vents: 799.82 m
+ BiA : 817.5 m
+ Food: 852.86 m
m
9,000 9,000 54,00054,000 Credits 0040 40 kg

Historical Info

Caernarvon was a British heavy tank of the post-war era. It was developed in a post war period to rival the Soviet IS-3 heavy tank. Compared to Centurion who carried 20 ponder gun, Caernarvon was equipped with a much more powerfull 120 mm gun. Its main role was to provide long range anti-tank support for Centurion tanks. They were issued at nine for each regiment in Germany; usually grouped in three tank troops.


Development history

The chassis was from the A45 Infantry Support Tank, started in 1944 shortly after that of the A41 Centurion. After the war the project was relocated to that of the "Universal Tank" design of the FV 200 series. The 200 series was to have used a common hull for all uses (self-propelled artillery, armoured personnel carrier, three varieties of tank, etc.). One tank type was to be the heavy FV 201 of 55 tonnes, armed with an 83.4 mm gun.

In 1949 it was decided to bring the armament up to 120 mm. As this delayed the project, in 1952 the FV 201 hull was combined with a 17 pounder-armed Centurion Mk 2 turret to give the FV 221 Caernarvon Mark I. Twenty-one were built with the Mk III 20 pounder turret as the Caernavon Mk II. The FV 221 may originally have been intended to be the "Main Battle Tank" member of the FV 201 series, but with the success of the A41 Centurion such a vehicle was no longer required. In either event, the Caernarvon was only used for chassis development work serving in troop trials. In 1955 the first Conqueror was produced. Twenty Mark 1 and 165 Mark 2 Conquerors were built including conversions of Caernavon MkIIs. Production continued until 1959. It had lost much enthusiasm once the Centurion was upgraded to an L7 105 mm gun.

The gun design was American, the same as used on the US M103 heavy tank; with separate charge and projectile, as would also be the case in the Chieftain that followed. The charge was not bagged but in a brass cartridge, which offered some safety advantages, but reduced shell capacity to 35.The armour was very heavy for the time, especially in the front, where it was seven inches (178 mm) in the horizontal plane. Unfortunately, this, along with the weight of the huge turret required to house the large gun and the very large hull volume, made the vehicle very heavy, giving it a relatively low top speed and making it mechanically unreliable. Also, few bridges could support its weight. However, rather like the Second World War Churchill tank, the Conqueror had exceptional terrain handling characteristics and proved to be as capable cross country as the lighter (and on paper slightly faster) Centurion tank.

One feature of particular note was the rotating commander's cupola, which was at the heart of the Conqueror's fire control system, advanced for its time. The commander could align the cupola on a target independently of the turret, measure the range with a Coincidence rangefinder, and then direct the gunner on to the new lay mechanically indicated to him by the cupola. In theory, when the gunner traversed to the new lay he would find the target already under his sights, ready to be engaged. Meanwhile, the commander was free to search for the next target. (The Soviet bloc also used similar devices, such as the TPKU-2 and TKN-3, on all of their post–World War II tanks though theirs did not use a rangefinder.) The system may have been inspired by a similar device, without range finder, installed in WWII German Panzers which was apparently highly successful, but was not repeated in subsequent tanks until an updated electronic version of the same idea appeared in the American M60A2 variant of the Patton series.
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